The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

What you need to know about annular solar eclipse

According to Reuters, millions of people across the Americas will be in a position to witness a celestial event on October 14, a solar eclipse in which – weather permitting – the moon will pass in front of the sun. The solar eclipse will be visible along a path that includes parts of the United States, Mexico, and several countries in Central and South America. What is an Annular Solar Eclipse? A solar eclipse occurs when the moon moves between the Earth and the sun, blocking a portion or all of the sun’s face during its passage along a small portion of the Earth’s surface. The event that will take place on October 14 is a type known as an “annular solar eclipse.” It occurs when the moon passes between the Earth and the sun when the moon is at its farthest point from our planet or close to it. Unlike a total solar eclipse, it doesn’t completely cover the sun’s face. Why does it resemble a ring of fire? Since, during an annular solar eclipse, the moon is farther from the Earth than usual, it doesn’t entirely hide the sun. Instead, it appears like a dark disc surrounded by the giant, shining face of the sun in the sky. As a result, the eclipse momentarily resembles a ring of fire, with the dark disk of the moon encircling it. A total solar eclipse is scheduled for April 8, 2024, passing through Mexico, the United States, and Canada. Where will it be visible, and what is its path? According to NASA, the path where the maximum solar eclipse will occur on October 14 passes through parts of several U.S. states, beginning at 9:13 AM local time in Oregon. It is then visible in California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. The path then traverses parts of Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Colombia, and Brazil, ending in the Atlantic Ocean at sunset. People in more extensive regions of North America, Central America, and South America will be able to witness a partial eclipse with less darkness. How big are the earth, moon, and sun? The moon nearly covers the face of the sun, as seen from Earth, solely because the moon – in reality much smaller than the sun – is very close to our planet. The moon’s diameter is approximately 3,476 kilometers, while the sun’s diameter is about 1.4 million kilometers, and Earth’s diameter is 12,742 kilometers. What is the safest way to watch the eclipse? Experts warn that looking directly at the bright sun without using specialized eye protection designed for solar viewing is dangerous and carries the risk of eye damage. Since the sun is never entirely blocked by the moon during an annular solar eclipse, looking at it without such eye protection is never safe. According to these experts, viewing it through camera lenses, binoculars, or telescopes without a specific solar filter can cause severe eye injury. They recommend always using safe solar viewing glasses or a proper solar viewer during an annular solar eclipse and emphasize that regular sunglasses are not safe for solar viewing. How is a lunar eclipse different from a solar eclipse? A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth comes between the moon and the sun, casting the shadow of our planet onto the moon’s surface. It causes the moon to appear dark from Earth, sometimes with a reddish hue. A lunar eclipse is visible from half of the Earth, which is a much broader area than where a solar eclipse is observed. S.Raqib

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.