The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
Editorial

Water treaty committed, improper statements harmful

Though Afghanistan, with its billion cubic meters of annual water, has been said to be a self-sufficient water country, but it is on paper, as it has the lowest capacity of water reservoir in the world. Most of the water from the country’s major river basins such as the Amu, Helmand, Harirud-Murghab and Kabul flows to our neighboring countries of Iran, Pakistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, this is why the country secures its electricity from importing power from some of its neighboring countries. Lack of water infrastructures added to the effects of climate changes to force thousands of Afghan farmers to move to urban areas in order to secure their livelihoods. Among some of its major rivers, the Helmand River which flows into Iran and its basin covers nearly 40 percent of the land-locked Afghanistan’s surface, is considered the lifeline of water in the country. Recently Iranian President Ibrahim Raeesi warned Afghanistan not to violate water treaty of the Iranian people over their shared Helmand River. The neighboring country’s president, like before, with an improper assertion about what he said the Iranian rights to water, warned that his country was determined to defend Iran’s water rights. The President of the Islamic Republic used inappropriate words saying: “We will not allow the rights of our people to be violated.” President Raeesi also said his country was serious in its words and that Afghanistan rulers should not ignore the water rights of the Iranian people. In response to the Iranian authorities’ warning, the Spokesman of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, reaffirmed the commitment made by Afghanistan regarding the 1972 water treaty between the Islamic Emirate and the Islamic Republic, and urged the Iranian side to avoid repetition of such statements as ‘it served the interest of no side and should not be repeated. The question is that why the neighboring country’s authorities have not still realized that lack of water originating from long years of drought have become problematic for both nations. The water of the Helmand River, even does not suffice the hydration of the locals inside Afghanistan, while the most important part of the treaty is the sufficiency of water and its surplus. As the leader of a great Islamic nation, such improper statement is not fair for President Ibrahim Raeesi as they would impact political relations between the two Islamic countries. On the other hand, Afghanistan is not now a self-sufficient water country, but, as estimates indicate, it has one of the world’s lowest water storages. Afghanistan and Iran are two Muslim brother nations and the neighboring country deserves to receive water which is mentioned in the treaty, but if was not seriously needed by the people of Afghanistan themselves. So, a legal issue should not be fueled as much as to turn into political problems that would undeniably damage the two brother nations’ historical relations.

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.