The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
Articles

War and colonization: Fundamental cycle of capitalism

By Firooz Ahmad Ebrahimi

( Part II )

Scientific evidence and historical experiences indicate a 50% reduction in America’s economic growth compared to the 1990s. On the other hand, the economies of European countries, Japan, and other investing nations have faced significant challenges in recent years. Economic and technological advancements in these nations have flourished during wars, implying that if these nations do not engage in wars, their economic growth and technological progress decline. Therefore, Western economic thinkers and significant corporations, aiming to create grounds for economic growth and elevate the interests of these companies, resort to launching formidable and inhumane wars worldwide under the banner of fighting terrorism, extremism, etc. Initiating these wars, under the guise of combating terrorism in Islamic countries, is deemed by some American economists as a fundamental step towards achieving the United States’ economic growth rates seen in the 1990s. Because, in their view, during the war, as government expenditures in the military, intelligence, and other sectors increased, this increase led to a rise in demand for various productions, an increase in employment levels, and ultimately accelerated economic wheels. Peter Schiff, an American economist, believes that World War II brought an end to the Great Depression (1929-1933). On the other hand, he contends that currently the world economy is grappling with another significant economic crisis. According to him, the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, waged by the United States, are not on the scale of World War II to be able to set the economic wheels of the United States and Europe in motion again. Consequently, the progress of America, Europe, and Japan has been achieved at the cost of the lives of more than 120 million people. While the casualties of World War I exceeded 37 million, World War II claimed over 72 million lives, the Vietnam War resulted in more than 3.8 million deaths, and the Iraq War claimed approximately 1 million lives, as reported. In October 2007, the Lanchester London Research Center reported the number of casualties in the Iraq War to be over 650,000 and the casualties in the Afghanistan War to be over 170,000. The reality is that significant arms manufacturers, oil companies, and other prominent American and European corporations influence the foreign policy and regional strategies of the United States. The United States, being the world’s largest arms producer, allocates 44% of global military equipment production to itself. Annually, American companies produce weapons worth billions of U.S. dollars, and if their products do not sell, these companies cannot continue their operations. It becomes clear that the United States, through manipulations and deceits, clouds the minds of wealthy nations in a way that they spend billions of dollars on purchasing weaponry produced by American companies. Alternatively, by initiating wars in various parts of the world under the banner of terrorism, extremism, human rights violations, threats to U.S. national security, and friendly human interventions, the United States sells weapons and other products of American companies worth billions of U.S. dollars. With a careful look at America’s regional strategy in the Middle East and South Asia, several points stand out among its other objectives. These goals include: 1) Access to vast underground oil resources, 2) Control over strategic and global trade areas to undermine economic rivals, 3) Access and power projection into the Indo-Pacific region, 4) Selling exorbitant amounts of weapons through direct warfare or by creating a political and military atmosphere until various countries purchase American weapons. For example, America’s policies in the Middle East, the Gulf region, and South Asia have led Saudi Arabia, India, and the United Arab Emirates to become the world’s largest buyers of weapons. From 2004 to 2011, Saudi Arabia purchased weapons worth over $75.5 billion, India over $46.6 billion, the United Arab Emirates over $20 billion, Egypt over $14.3 billion, and Pakistan over $13.2 billion in American arms. It is noteworthy that the United States has been the largest supplier of these weapons. The total value of all weapons sold to countries undergoing development reached over $71.5 billion in 2011. From 2008 to 2011, the United States sold more than $113 billion worth of weapons to these countries. The U.S. share in the arms sales market has dramatically risen from 2000 to 2011. In 2011, America’s share in global arms sales reached $56.3 billion or 78.7% of global arms sales, compared to 43.6% in the global market in 2010. This significant increase in arms sales parallels the political movements of the United States in the Middle East and South Asia. Let’s examine the revenues of six American and British oil companies in 2013. The importance of the Middle East and other oil-rich countries for these companies becomes evident, exceeding $95.5 billion in 2013 for Chevron, Exxon Mobil, BP, Conoco Philips, Shell, and Total combined. “Let us state our position clearly. Anyone who tries to take control of the Persian Gulf from us, this act will be considered an invasion of vital interests of the United States and will be responded to by any means necessary, including military force,” said Jimmy Carter while emphasizing the importance of the Persian Gulf and the Middle East. These are facts that reputable research and information sources have presented. In the following piece, we will delve into when this bitter reality will unfold and what should be done in the current circumstances. To be Continued

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.