The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
Articles

Unemployment; a permanent problem of Afghan youths

The lack of job opportunities is still a big challenge in the lives of young people in the country. Increasing unemployment and the lack of favorable working conditions have left unfortunate consequences in the social and economic life of the young generation, which has become an urgent and critical problem in Afghanistan as this issue has negative consequences in the growth of the country’s socio-economic development. It can be seen that in Afghanistan this issue is exacerbated by factors such as political instability, lack of infrastructure, limited access to education and gender differences. Despite efforts to rebuild after decades of war, Afghanistan still has high levels of unemployment, especially among the young population. Currently, Afghan youth are facing many challenges to get appropriate jobs. These challenges include inadequate educational resources, limited vocational training programs, and a lack of job prospects in key sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing, and services. In addition, the climate change crisis and natural disasters in the country have led to the displacement of families and the loss of livelihoods and the aggravation of youth unemployment. This problem includes various factors that contribute to youth unemployment in Afghanistan. Weak economic growth, dependency on foreign aid and weak private sector can be part of these factors. In addition, the informal economy, which accounts for a significant portion of employment in Afghanistan, often lacks job security and fair wages, especially for young workers. Besides, social and cultural factors also play a role in increasing unemployment among the young generation in the country. Traditional attitudes towards work and employment may discourage entrepreneurship and innovation among young people and cause unfortunate consequences that are harmful to the future of Afghanistan in a large way. On the other hand, increasing unemployment among Afghan youth can lead to social unrest, increased crime rates, and political instability. Moreover, it undermines the country’s efforts to achieve sustainable development and destroys the prospect of peace and stability. On this principle, there is a serious and urgent need to address unemployment in the country and pay particular consideration to work on short and long-term strategies to create a suitable work environment for Afghan youth. By investing in training and developing skills and promoting entrepreneurship among young people, this problem in some extent can be addressed. There is also a need to invest in providing ground for youth to get education, and improve their access to quality education and professional training in order to equip Afghan youth with the skills they need to succeed in the workforce. Another solution is to support small and medium-sized enterprises that can create job opportunities for young people and at the same time, further steps need to be taken to strengthen economic flexibility and diversity so that the main causes of unemployment can be rooted out and challenges facing the youth can be reduced to the extent. This can pave the way for a bright future in the lives of young people in the country. Mustafa Hashimi

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.