The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

UN & its responsibility in maintaining international peace

The foundations for a “League of Nations” were laid in the Treaty of Versailles, which was one of the treaties to formally end World War I. The treaty was signed in Versailles, France, on June 28, 1919. The league aimed to encourage disarmament, prevent outbreaks of war, encourage negotiations and diplomatic measures to settle international disputes and to improve the quality of life around the world. However, the outbreak of World War II suggested that the League of Nations needed to take on a different form. The ideas around the United Nations were developed in the last years of World War II, particularly during the UN Conference on International Organization in San Francisco and the United States, beginning on April 25, 1945. The UN was officially created when a UN charter was ratified on October 24 of that year. On the threshold of the United Nations Day, observed on 24 October every year, the acting Interior Minister of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, Sirajuddin Haqqani said that maintaining international peace, resolution of disputes through dialogue and impartiality was the responsibility of the United Nations. The country’s acting minister of interior said this during a meeting with the Special Coordinator of the United Nations Secretary-General for Afghanistan (Freridon Sinirlioglu, the other day in Kabul. Sirajuddin Haqqani said that the maintenance of international peace, and resolution of issues through dialogue and impartiality was the responsibility of the United Nations and that necessary steps should be taken in this regard with the Afghans, adding that the international community should emphasize understanding and diplomatic relations instead of unilateral decisions, and that problems and existing challenges should be resolved through dialogue. One of the responsibilities of the United Nations is to work for international peace, resolution of disputes through negotiations and keep impartiality. The United Nations was also urged to extend its cooperation with the people of Afghanistan in all areas. This comes a day before the United Nations Day, which was first observed on October 24, 1948. The UN recommended that United Nations Day should be a public holiday in member states since 1971. There were also calls for United Nations Day to be an international public holiday to bring attention to the work, role and achievements of the UN and its family of specialized agencies. These have been spectacular, particularly in the fields of human rights, support in areas of famine, eradication of disease, promotion of health and settlement of refugees. Now, the United Nations Day is a global observance and not a public holiday anymore. It is worth mentioning that the UN does not work alone but together with many specialized agencies, including the World Health Organization (WHO); the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF); International Labour Organization (ILO); United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR); and United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC). Mashl Noori

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.