The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
NationalReport

Temperature in Afghanistan registers 1.8 degrees, NEPA

Afghanistan is the sixth country affected by global climate change. These changes, manifested in recent years as reduced agricultural yields, declining groundwater levels, destructive floods, and recurrent droughts across various parts of the country, have become apparent. Although the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) had predicted an average global warming of 1.54 degrees over the past halfcentury, according to information from the National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA), this figure in Afghanistan has been 1.8 degrees, which is 0.3 degrees higher than other parts of the world. Meanwhile, officials at the NEPA, presenting the latest figures from the assessment of the country’s glacier status, stated that based on assessments conducted from 1990 to 2015, climate change and global warming had caused a 14% reduction in the country’s natural glaciers. “From 1990 to 2015, based on assessments conducted, 14% of our glaciers have melted. This indicates an increase in global warming. Additionally, in the past ten years, 104,000 hectares of agricultural land and 48,000 hectares of orchards have been destroyed, more than 40,000 houses have been lost, and over 100,000 other residential houses have been affected. Currently, 140 species of wildlife in Afghanistan are at risk of extinction,” said Rouhullah Amin, the head of the climate change department at the National Environmental Protection Agency. However, environmental experts find the continuation of this situation concerning and state that climate change poses a severe threat to the country’s future. This threat has become more prominent in the past two years due to Afghanistan’s lack of access to global adaptation funds. “Funds created for climate change are being used globally, but unfortunately, due to sanctions, Afghanistan cannot access these funds,” said Najibullah Sediqi, an environmental specialist. It is worth noting that although Afghanistan has suffered severe impacts from climate change, it contributes minimally to greenhouse gas emissions. Climate warming and drought are global concerns addressed annually by world leaders in conferences aimed at resolving this dilemma, yet unfortunately, tangible results have not been achieved so far. Many scientists and philosophers have predicted the challenges and problems arising from global warming, considering it a threat to human beings. Hansen had previously warned that the world is approaching a ‘new climate frontier.’ In such a situation, the earth is reaching temperatures higher than at any time in millions of years. James Hansen, a renowned scientist in NASA’s climate sciences who predicted global warming in 1988 before the United States Congress, now states that the world is approaching a ‘new climate frontier.’ Hansen remembered his testimony in 1988 in the U.S. Senate as the first significant disclosure regarding global warming and now issues a warning in a statement alongside two other scientists. In this anticipated new situation, the earth is reaching temperatures higher than any time in millions of years, and the unprecedented warmth is accompanied by effects such as severe storms, heat waves, and droughts. He asserted that since the industrialization era, warnings were given that industrialization would cause the earth’s temperature to rise by 1.2 degrees Celsius, resulting in a 20% increase in intense summer heat. Now, we witness this rise in heat and temperature being felt in many parts of the Northern Hemisphere. “These super storms are an emerging phenomenon due to human activity. In fact, we are knowingly moving towards this new reality because the warnings were given, and we knew that such events could one day happen,” he stated. So, to prevent global warming, countries must reach a global consensus to curb the emission of greenhouse gases, implement filters in large industrial companies, control the massive arms industry, and regulate the limitless development and advancement of technology. Individuals, from a personal perspective, should also consider the following10 important points to combat global warming: 1. Pay attention to what you discard and give it importance. 2. Conservation of carbon natural resources” 3. Buy second-hand items. 4. Prevent energy waste in buildings. 5. Improve clarity in product labeling. 6. Don’t let girls drop out of school worldwide. 7. Reduce food waste. 8. Generate local energy. 9. Healthy Nutrition for the Earth 10. Implement a carbon tax. Mukhtar Safi

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.