The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

TB can be ended with continued efforts and awareness campaigns

TB can be ended with continued efforts and awareness campaigns World Tuberculosis (TB) Day is celebrated on March 24 annually to spread awareness around the deadly disease. World TB Day is an annual observation and is celebrated annually to raise awareness about the disease, increase efforts to eradicate the disease and mobilize support for those affected by TB. World Tuberculosis (TB) Day, 24 March 2024, continues with the theme “Yes! We can end TB”. With continued efforts and awareness campaigns, the aim is to eradicate the world’s deadliest disease. The day is an annual reminder to continue with the research and investment on treatment strategies, prevention methods and awareness around tuberculosis. As per WHO (World Health Organization), about a quarter of the global population is estimated to have been infected with TB bacteria. About 5–10% of people infected with TB will eventually get symptoms and develop TB disease. TB disease is usually treated with antibiotics and can be fatal without treatment. It’s important to practice good hygiene when coughing, avoiding contact with other people and wearing a mask, covering your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing. World Tuberculosis Day aims to unite governments, health organizations, and communities worldwide in their commitment to end the TB epidemic by ensuring access to quality care for all those affected. It is time that the focus should be on scaling up active efforts to find TB, ensuring the provision of preventative TB treatment for people at high risk, increasing access to quality-assured rapid diagnosis of TB and achieving full uptake of highly effective, safe and short treatment regimens for TB and drug-resistant TB. Tuberculosis, an infectious disease that mainly affects the lungs, is one of the leading killer diseases that led to 1 million deaths in 2023. Based on the World Health Organization report, over 70,000 Afghans are infected with tuberculosis in Afghanistan each year with over 50 percent women and 40 – 44 percent children and aged people. In the meantime, based on the information of the National Tuberculosis Control Program at the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH), in 2023, 49,533 positive cases of tuberculosis (TB) have been recorded across Afghanistan, among which at least 9,900 individuals have lost their lives. Caused by a type of bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the disease spreads through the air when infected people cough, sneeze, or spit. Tuberculosis is preventable and can be treated with a combination of antibacterial medications for a period of six to 12 months. TB bacteria is also capable to attack other parts of the body be it the kidney, spine, or brain. However, not all people infected with tuberculosis end up developing symptoms and many people have latent TB infection (LTBI) and TB disease. If not treated properly, TB disease can be fatal. It is worth mentioning that March 24, 1882, is considered a significant date in the battle against tuberculosis as it is on this day that Dr Robert Koch discovered the bacteria that causes TB. This ground-breaking announcement led to a better understanding, diagnosis, and eventual treatment of the disease. It was not before the year 1982, on the centenary of Dr. Koch’s discovery that the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) proposed observing March 24 as World TB Day to raise awareness about TB and its global impact. The first World TB Day was officially observed in 1983, and since then, it has become an annual event. Mashal Noori

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.