The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

Some ulamas’ views on voting and elections

Model of political system in Islam:

Part VI

A number of ulama consider that it is okay if the head of the state is elected through the elections. They also consider efforts and participation in elections as religious duty if followed for the victory and supporting good candidates. According to this group of ulamas, electing a proper pious and able person as head of the state through the elections is a good option.
Now if the candidate really has the ability to run a government and is ready to do it with full passion and faith, his candidacy is okay, but it would have been better if he had not stood for it, but a group of Muslims had asked for his candidacy.
Nevertheless, a number of ulamas say if the right is about to be lost, a proper and knowledgeable person can himself ask for doing the duty what Yousuf did: He ‘Yousuf’ said: “Give me charge of the storehouses of the land, I am a knowledgeable guardian”.
But, if a person does not have the qualifications for the seat and is still nominated for it, then before the destruction of the hereafter, he commits the crime against the nation as before that, his responsibility was only to himself and his family, but now he’s responsible and accountable for the whole nation and he’ll be accountable in hereafter.
A number of religious ulamas believe that voting for a candidate has three qualities in accordance to Sharia:
1. Testimony: The voter testifies in favor of the candidate that he is qualified for the seat and carries out his duties with full honesty. Now if he is not qualified and suitable for the seat, the voter will pay the price as he was wrong in his testimony and told a lie, which is a big sin after ‘shirk’.
2. The second position of the vote is intercession and recommendation as Allah, the Almighty says about intercession: “Whoever intercedes for a good cause will have a reward therefrom; and whoever intercedes for an evil cause will have a burden therefrom. And ever is Allah, over all things, a Keeper.
3. The third position of the vote is advocacy in public rights: the voting candidate chooses his representative in such rights that those rights belong to the whole nation; So, if he did not vote for the right person, in this case, the voter is accountable for his vote.
The result is that the position of the vote in the election is the same as of testimony; therefore, telling lie in testimony is illegal as telling a lie is the greatest sin, and taking any compensation for testimony is also illegal. To summarize, a voter is accountable for his vote.
The voter will commit a big sin if he votes for the wrong person.
The voter also commits a big sin if he sells his vote or gets money for his vote.
Religious ulamas believe that with these principles, types of governance, practical work mechanisms and accountability are related to the situations of each era as different types of governance have been run in the past 14 centuries. So, it will be very good for the current leadership of Afghanistan to come up with more flexibility to bring some reforms in the political, judiciary and executive system to gain the trust of the people. In the light of the suggestion of ulamas, they should form a government which will be a good example for the Islamic countries and go for positive engagement with the world countries.


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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.