The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
Articles

Role of government in developing health sector

Part IV

I discussed the prevailing situation of health in the world and delved into factors explaining why medicine has turned into a business in the Western world, and how the West adopted this culture into its medical system.

I discussed the prevailing situation of health in the world and delved into factors explaining why medicine has turned into a business in the Western world, and how the West adopted this culture into its medical system. Then we addressed issues such as pharmaceutical trade and market injustices globally, and how Western trade has viewed human life as equal to its commercial interests. We also discussed the inefficiency of international institutions in facilitating the process and development of medical services in Afghanistan, where on one side, due to corruption, neither the government nor public health institutions could make this process effective and on the other side, the government had lax supervision over the private sector’s health claims, necessitating fundamental recommendations. The article emphasized serious government oversight and policy setting so that the private sector does not pose a challenge to the people, enabling them to obtain healthcare services in the best possible manner. Furthermore, the discussion moved to what measures the government should take initially to prevent diseases, as prevention precedes treatment. Preventive health services can be classified into three levels: First-level prevention: Actions that prevent disease onset in the initial stage, primarily comprising basic public health measures that the government should take very seriously. Second-level prevention: Actions aimed at early disease detection to increase the chances of treatment and prevent disease exacerbation and the onset of symptoms. Third-level prevention: Actions that involve rehabilitation, adaptation to disease conditions, and reduction of disease-related complications, thereby reducing the negative effects of the disease. The Islamic stance regarding contagious diseases and healthcare services is clear and explicit since Islam recommends preventive measures against diseases in general and specifies certain aspects. It obligates Muslim leaders to strive for the preservation of health and immunity of the people from diseases and epidemics. They are instructed to utilize all tools and methods to ensure that the Islamic community and Muslim individuals remain healthy. This is because they are responsible for addressing their affairs and preventing harm from befalling them, and illness itself is a form of harm. Collecting information and monitoring individual health is another issue through which the government can assist in preventive measures. In developed countries, systems exist for gathering information on mortality conditions. However, many poor countries lack such systems, estimating mortality rates from incomplete information about specific conditions. Monitoring not only how deaths occur, but also diseases requiring medical treatment and hospitalization, is crucial. Governments collect data on the burden of diseases in society to formulate policies, strategies, and health priorities. Generally, health policy should be guided by the overall health status of the population. School nursing is another aspect of preventive healthcare. The government should activate health sections in all schools and educational institutions to regularly monitor and care for the health of students. These school nurses supervise the health of students, provide basic treatments, ensure students receive necessary vaccinations, and refer them to primary healthcare services if any health issues are identified. School nurses also monitor any health concerns found by monitoring students and report back to their teachers and families for follow-up and health assurance. They provide health guidance and recommendations to students, their families, and school staff through periodic seminars and health alerts. The government should establish a public education system through platforms such as Masjids, community gatherings, and mass media for better prevention and avoidance of diseases. This system should raise awareness among people about personal health and nutrition, informing them about seasonal dietary needs and avoiding certain foods and drinks. Encouraging treatment and promoting health is clearly emphasized in many guidelines of the Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him). There are Hadiths that unequivocally describe good health as a blessing from Allah, for which Muslims should pray. Therefore, through Masjids and places of worship, we can accurately convey this message to help people understand. If the preventive system is taken seriously and implemented accurately, undoubtedly, there will be a significant reduction in illness statistics. Continue… Firooz Ahmad Ebrahimi

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.