The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

Role of government in developing health sector

Part IIV

Preventing diseases, in its general sense, encompasses the strategy to control the spread of a disease, or in another sense, to enhance the body’s resistance to harm. This process starts with healthy nutrition and extends to a healthy lifestyle, as well as mental considerations and concepts. Particularly in mental illnesses, the most important factor for prevention is eliminating incorrect and non-Islamic concepts and replacing them with Islamic concepts. We have discussed prevention comprehensively and holistically, now we focus the discussion on what obligations the government has in providing public health services, or what the government should do after closely monitoring the private sector. Providing health services by the government in a way that solves people’s problems is one of the fundamental duties of the government. The Ministry of Health must first evaluate its public health centers based on those six criteria and then create a plan to establish a preventive system for effective disease prevention, allowing people to regain their collective mental, psychological, and physical health with confidence in it. After disease prevention, the focus on health issues shifts to the topic of treatment. Treatment is divided into two parts: diagnosis of diseases and their treatment. Regarding disease diagnosis, an extremely important issue is the research into medical conditions, which unfortunately is severely lacking in Afghanistan. Although research should be conducted in all specialties, medical research is particularly fundamental in the field of medicine. The government should take the lead in researching new diseases and innovative methods so that it can succeed in accurate diagnosis on the one hand and address disease treatment on the other. Medical professionals are more aware that illnesses can sometimes have a unified outcome but varying causes. The best way to enrich the flow of research in the medical profession is for the government to elevate the standard of living for the medical sector and transform each healthcare center into a research center separate from treatment. The Ministry of Public Health, as the sole responsible entity in the health sector for the people of Afghanistan, must strive to the best of its ability and resources to provide treatment for diseases, preventing the people from wandering across foreign borders. Each year, thousands of Afghans wait at foreign borders for medical visas, often paying hefty amounts without fruitful results. Government bodies responsible should introduce advanced diagnostic equipment and enhance treatment quality, including equipping their health centers, clinics, and hospitals with therapeutic facilities, to advance disease treatment in Afghanistan efficiently and cost-effectively. This ensures on the one hand that the people are healthy, and on the other hand, the government fulfills its fundamental duty of providing health services. After the Ministry of Public Health, as the responsible authority, achieves all its objectives including precise supervision of the private medical sector, oversight of drug imports, formulation of correct medical curricula for universities and medical institutes, and equipping medical health centers for disease diagnosis and treatment, this ministry must coordinate with the Ministry of Information and Culture to create a plan. This plan aims to popularize the culture of treatment among the general public in the country. In past years, due to a lack of proper facilities and effective medicines, people have become accustomed to seeking treatment outside the country, which has become a norm. This ministry must eradicate this norm, encourage its doctors, and showcase successful examples of diagnosis and treatment through the media. To achieve a people-oriented government and be a true servant, the gap between the government and the people must be bridged. Undoubtedly, the best arena to eliminate this gap is through providing services in the healthcare sector. If the government can manage the concept of commerce in medicine, which is a result of the crisis in the Western world, and enrich it with a culture that transforms medicine into a profession of service, while exercising serious oversight over the private medical sector, simultaneously combating pharmaceutical trade abuses, closely monitoring drug imports, and focusing on infrastructure, medical research centers, and diagnostic and treatment facilities, it will not only earn the trust of the people and synchronize with their aspirations but also foster a society with collective mental and physical health. This will prevent people from seeking treatment abroad, which leads to capital flight. We hope for a day when we can lead globally in the prevention, medical research, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases. Despite our current limited resources, our doctors have achieved remarkable outcomes with minimal means, conducting the best treatments and complex operations in various sectors. We are grateful to them, but it is not sufficient; this process must develop comprehensively, with the permission of Allah the Exalted! Firooz Ahmad Ebrahimi

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.