The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

Refugees & challenges ahead

International Migrants Day was marked in Kabul at a time when there are still six million of Afghans are living abroad as refugees. According to ministry of refugees and repatriation, more than one million Afghans have been displaced internally due to ongoing war and violence in the country. After Sudan and Syria, Afghanistan is the third country that has a large number of refugees in the world.
In addition to other causes as increasing unemployment and poverty, continued war and violence in the last few decades have been one the main reasons forcing many Afghans to leave their country for neighboring and EU member countries.
According to government officials, more than 6.5 million Afghans are living outside the country, of whom almost four million are migrants and nearly three million are asylum seekers.
Statistics show in the last four years, more than three million Afghans have returned to Afghanistan and most of them were legal and illegal migrants who have returned from Pakistan and Iran.
In addition to the sharp increase in Afghan migrants, human trafficking has increased in the country during recent years. Relevant government departments have said they are trying to legalize these migrations and in their efforts have disbanded about 100 human trafficking groups while some remain under surveillance.
The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) said that despite efforts to support those coming back, the greatest challenge lies in a comprehensive, community-wide response that leaves no one behind.
Each year, registered Afghan refugees and undocumented Afghans make the decision to return home from Iran and Pakistan, in spite of the difficult situation in Afghanistan.
Since 2002, more than 5.24 million registered Afghan refugees have returned – more than 58,000 in 2017, according to a new, first of its kind, joint IOM-UNHCR report.
UNHCR and IOM have been collaborating closely in the country to assist the returning refugees and undocumented migrants. Together with Afghanistan government, they have also been actively coordinating the provision of humanitarian post-arrival and reintegration assistance.
With estimates that 280,000 registered refugees and 420,000 undocumented Afghans had expected to return in 2018, the two agencies are harmonizing their operations, in particular related to monitoring, reporting and analysis and developing key indicators for displacement and mobility tracking.
These estimates depend on a number of factors, including the situation in places of return as well as countries where the refugees and undocumented persons are staying in. Statistics show more than 68 million people in the world live outside their original countries as migrants.
Lailuma Noori

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.