The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

Punishment & maintaining justice the only way to institutionalize human rights

By: Lailuma Noori

Human Rights Day is observed every year on 10 December, the day the United Nations General Assembly adopted, in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). It is a milestone document proclaiming the inalienable rights which everyone is inherently entitled to as a human being regardless of race, color, religion, sex, language, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
With its 30 articles and drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was proclaimed as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over 500 languages.
After a year marked by the 30th anniversary celebrations of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which culminated on 20 November, 2019, our plan is to capitalize on the current momentum and spotlight the leadership role of youth in collective movements as a source of inspiration for a better future. Under the UN universal call to action “Stand Up for Human rights,” the UN aims to celebrate the potential of youth as constructive agents of change, amplify their voices, and engage a broad range of global audiences in the promotion and protection of rights. The campaign, led by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), is designed to encourage, galvanize, and showcase how youth all over the world stand up for rights and against racism, hate speech, bullying, discrimination, and climate change, to name a few.
Years have passed since proclamation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and despite that the world countries signed the declaration, human rights are still violated on daily basis across the world as hundreds of people die due to hunger, a number of people lose their lives due lack of access to health services in the world.
What are human rights?
Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible.
Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law , general principles and other sources of international law. International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups. In Afghanistan, continued war and attacks of international terrorist groups on innocent civilians have deprived the people from right of life as crimes against humanity, war crimes and crimes against human occur on daily basis.
According to Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC), innocent civilian casualties, sexual abuse and harassment, corruption, child labor, violence against women, lack of attention to war victims, increasing of the culture of impunity are the main cases of human rights violations. One of the most significant element that can result in institutionalization of human rights in the country is the issue of punishment and maintaining justice in the country. Besides, maintaining peace can be also a good opportunity for observing the human rights in the country.

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.