The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
Articles

Promotion of virtue, prevention of vice (PVPV) in Islam

Part I

A number of top scholars of Islam as Al Mawardi, Abu Ya’la ibn al-Farra, Imam Ghazali and Imam Ibn e Taimia and others wrote many articles about the promotion of virtue and prevention of vice during the third lunar century. In the early era of Islam, the promotion of virtue and prevention of vice was one the active departments within the Islamic governments as the department was ordering all believers of Islam to correct the words and actions of other believers. During the era of our Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), the promotion of virtue and prevention of vice existed, but its operation was not regular. During the period of Hazrat Omar’s Caliphate, a draft plan was prepared for launching the promotion of virtue and prevention of vice, but it was later identified as an independent department during the period of the Abbasid Caliphate. In Islamic countries, departments are created based on Islamic laws and in light of the traditions of our Prophet and Islamic teachings. Therefore, it is necessary to know much about the promotion of virtue and prevention of vice and its history as well as the responsibilities of the personnel of the PVPV. PVPV became the subject of system activation under the name Hisba, through the theory of governance of Muslim society by the theorization within the study of Islamic law (fiqh) in the Middle Ages. $isba, in Arabic, originally means “calculation” or “sum,” and implies the accumulation of a believer’s good and bad deeds in their lifetime, which determines the decision of whether they go to heaven or hell in their afterlife. Based on this idea, %isba, as a technical term used in Islamic law, means in general the preservation of the public order in Muslim society reflecting Islamic teachings and values. “Promotion of virtue and prevention of vice (Arabic: amr bi-l-marûf wa-nahy an almunkar),” hereafter shortened to PVPV, is a teaching that orders all believers of Islam to correct the words and actions of other believers when these are not in accordance with the teachings or perceptions of Islam. The verses of the Holy Qurân and $adîth (the record of Sunna, the words and actions of Prophet Mo%ammad) below are nearly always cited as the premise for this teaching: “And let there be among you a community promoting virtue, and advocating righteousness, and preventing vice. These are the successful.” “Whoever among you sees vice, let him change it with his hand; and if he is not able to do so, then [let him change it] with his tongue; and if he is not able to do so, then with his heart 6 and that is the weakest of faith.” Mohammad Yaqoob Nayel

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.