The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
Articles

Planting trees today vital for future generations

Cities are centers of concentration of human activities. Industry and urban life cover a large part of nature. Cities have more environmental problems and challenges than rural, natural and open areas. In cities, air, water and soil are dirty; besides, sound, electric, and radioactive pollution is high. The city and the village are very different from each other in terms of human facilities. For example, there are lots of facilities for people in the city, while there are not any considerable facilities for villagers in the suburbs. We see two situations in undeveloped societies: 1. Cities are even dirtier than villages and natural areas, and access to clean water and air is difficult. Besides, nature and hu man relations are completely disconnected in cities. 2. On the other hand, the facilities of life are relatively more in cities than in villages. For example, there are more schools, hospitals, and educational and vocational training centers that are comparatively better in terms of quantity and quality in cities, and access to all kinds of life facilities is even easier than in the villages. In cities, food items, and other necessary items can be found everywhere. Also, transportation services are excellent, but all these things are not easily found in the villages; therefore, the population is increasing by passing each day in cities, and the problems of environmental pollution, causing various diseases. To maintain a balanced environment in cities is to plant trees in urban areas. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has shared some important environmental issues in a short informative and educational video titled “Benefits of Urban Trees”. Cities usually face hot weather in the summer season. The presence of trees in urban areas mitigates the heat by 2 to 8 degrees Celsius, and urban trees around buildings contribute 30 percent to air conditioning and mitigate the amount of energy used for heating from 20 to 50 percent. Citizens who suffer from air pollution can play an important role in keeping the air clean by planting trees as one tree can absorb up to 150 kg of CO2 per year, sequester carbon, and consequently mitigate climate change. Large urban trees are excellent filters for absorbing air pollutants, dust and harmful chemicals. The decline, extinction and destruction of species of living organisms is a problem that has worried most environmental scientists. This problem is even more serious and critical in cities, so urban trees have an important role in providing suitable life, environment and food to different species of animals and plants. Trees are also valuable in the production of food. For example, their fruits, bark and leaves are used for making different foodstuffs. Besides, their wood is used for cooking and heating homes. We see that those living in cities are tired of life as they most suffer more from mental fatigue than physical fatigue. Research has shown that spending time near urban trees helps reduce physical and mental fatigue, and increases physical strength and energy levels. They are also important and help cut down high blood pressure and anxiety. According to the information of the World Food and Agriculture Organization, urban trees increase the aesthetic value of landscapes by 20 percent. The message of the World Food and Agriculture Organization is that the human population is increasing rapidly, and by 2050 more people will have moved to the cities than now, so planting trees today is vital for future generations. Muhibullah Mayar

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.