The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

Negotiation can only resolve bilateral issues

Following recent remarks of the Iranian President and his warning message to Afghanistan as well as remarks of the country’s officials about the water issue, the Islamic Emirate reacted and said that bilateral talks can be the only way to resolve the issues between the two countries. Since the Islamic Emirate (IEA) takeover in mid-August 2021, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) of the Islamic Emirate has been working to build good relations with the world countries, particularly the neighbors. Bilateral talks are considered the most effective way to resolve issues between two countries. It’s good for the countries to put their issues on negotiating table as sending warning messages to countries will never solve the issues. In the past two weeks, Iran has repeatedly asked the Islamic Emirate to give the people of Sistan and Baluchistan the right to water. When there is not enough water, what to give to the neighboring countries? The Water Treaty was signed between Iran and Afghanistan in early 1972 and Afghanistan is always abided by it. The Islamic Emirate of A ghanistan (IEA) is committed to the treaty between Afghanistan and Iran. It is considered as the only agreement that Afghanistan has specifically addresses water allocations. Afghanistan has been hit continuously by drought and currently, there is not enough water to give necessary water to the neighboring country. The Islamic Emirate has always stressed that bilateral talks can be the only effective to resolve issues and all other ways if followed will further deteriorate the issues between countries. There have been also reported skirmishes in areas bordering Iran. The ministry of defense of the Islamic Emirate said that the IEA considers dialogue and negotiation to be a reasonable way to resolve any problem. According to the defense ministry, making excuses for war and negative actions is not in the interest of any of the parties. Clashes broke out early Saturday along the border with Iran’s Sistan and Baluchestan province. The incident comes amid rising tension between the two countries over what Iran claims is Afghanistan’s disregard of the 1972 water treaty. Iran claims the IEA is blocking the Helmand River, depriving them of their rightful share of the water, while the IEA has always said it is committed to the 1972 Water Treaty. The Helmand River flows some 1150 km before reaching the Sistan wetlands, a series of shallow marsh lakes (Hamuns) in southwest Afghanistan and eastern Iran. During high flows, they form a series of interconnected lakes that flow in an anti-clockwise manner from Afghanistan to Iran. The wetlands are fed predominantly by Afghan rivers, the largest of which is the Helmand, and form a particularly diverse ecosystem important for migratory birds. Just prior to reaching the border, the Helmand River bifurcates at a point known as Helmand Fork. The Shele Charak River (called the Common Parian in Iran) flows northward, forming the border between Iran and Afghanistan and subsequently branches out to form the Hamun-e-Puzak. The other part of the fork flows westward into Iran, forming the Sistan River and eventually draining into the marshy lake, Hamun-e-Helmand. Mohammad Daud

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.