The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
Articles

Islamic Emirate at a glance

Summary of the most significant accomplishments of the
Islamic Emirate 2022 – 2023

By: Hashmat Nasiri

Part VIII

Transparency in the mining sector The Islamic Emirate has made significant efforts to promote transparency in the extraction of minerals. This includes drafting laws and regulations for mining extraction, regulations for hydrocarbon laws, the TAPI project land acquisition law, developing 44 procedures and manuals for regulating mining affairs, policies for using domestic production in mining activities, the policy for mineral extraction, and drafting the coal policy, which are major achievements aimed at ensuring transparency and improving mining sector related affairs. A. Preventing illegal mining practices Informal and illegal mining activities have been a major problem in regulating the mining sector in the country, not only negatively impacting the country’s economic growth but also leading to countless disputes. With the return of the Islamic Emirate to power, measures have been taken to prevent illegal mining and smuggling of minerals in the country, and illegal mining has been completely halted due to the diligent efforts of officials and the firmness of the system. In order to prevent illegal mining, in addition to developing specific strategies and procedures, a committee for the protection of mines and a security unit have been established to ensure the security of mines in various provinces of the country, including Badakhshan, Nangarhar, Sar-ePul, Panjshir, Bamyan, and Logar provinces. Furthermore, the establishment of committees for the protection and supervision of mines, with the membership of 9 state organizations in 24 provinces, has been initiated to prevent illegal mining, which has also yielded significant results. As a result of these efforts, the process of mining has been regulated and managed in a legal manner, and the revenues generated from mining have significantly increased. In the past year, 17.5 billion Afghanis have been collected from mining revenues, which is a major achievement for the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan and reflects sound governance and proper management of mining resources in the country. B. Legalizing gold mining activities Gold mining activities were previously carried out illegally and in an unregulated manner in the provinces of Badakhshan, Takhar, Kunduz, and Baghlan. With the return of the Islamic Emirate, efforts have been made to formalize and regulate these activities, and procedures have been put in place to standardize them. As a result of these efforts, 99 gold-washing sites have been identified, with permits issued for 73 sites, and applications for 26 other sites are under review. During the past year, as a result of the formalization of gold mining activities in Takhar province, 130 million and 700 thousand Afghanis in revenues have been collected, providing favorable job opportunities for many people and leading to tangible changes in national and household economies. In addition, 500 goldwashing sites have been surveyed and mapped in Badakhshan province. C. Precious and semi-precious stones Precious and semi-precious stones constitute an important part of the mining sector, where thousands of people were informally engaged in the past. The Islamic Emirate has developed and implemented specific procedures to formalize the extraction process of precious and semi-precious stones. D. Streamlining mining license processes Issuing licenses for mineral processing was a complex and time-consuming process that posed challenges to the mineral processing industry and the economic growth of the country. With the re-establishment of the Islamic Emirate, the complex steps of issuing licenses were simplified. As a result, during the past year, 26 companies were able to obtain licenses for various types of mineral processing activities, including marble, nephrite, talc, construction materials, and other minerals. 2. Establishing electronic certification system In order to ensure transparency and prevent forgery in the printing and distribution of certificates, an electronic certification system has been activated in 34 provinces. Through this system, certificates are printed and then delivered to the applicants upon request. In this system, the results and credentials of graduates are initially registered, and based on the provided information, certificates are printed and distributed to the applicants. The activation of this system not only prevents corruption in this field but also significantly expedites the certificate distribution process, providing necessary facilitation for the applicants. The electronic system prevents individual interference in altering the content of certificates and significantly enhances the credibility of this process. 3. Providing facilities to passport applicants Over the past year, the Islamic Emirate has not only provided assistance in various sectors but has also introduced notable facilitations in passport issuance, taking significant strides in this domain: 1. A representative office of the Passport Directorate has been established within the Ministry of Industry and Commerce to facilitate the passport issuance process and encourage domestic investors, entrepreneurs, and traders to invest in the country; 2. For the distribution of passports to patients, students, and pilgrims, facilitations have been put in place, and a bank representative has been activated within the Passport Directorate for passport fee payments. 3. A sticker registration department has been established to prevent fraud and counterfeiting in the passport application process. 4. Electronic banking tariffs have been created and activated through an online system. 5. The daily passport distribution capacity at the center has been increased from 2,000 to 4,000 passports, enhancing efficiency in passport services. 4. Regulating urban services The Islamic Emirate has devoted significant attention to regulating urban services and necessary steps have been made to establish urban order across the country. Issues such as non-standard construction, road and alley blockages by powerful individuals, and encroachment on sidewalks and roads by vendors, were major disruptions to urban order and discipline, which have been addressed and resolved with the re-establishment of the Islamic Emirate. Standardizing the activities of traders and regulating their operations played a key role in both increasing municipal revenues and establishing order and control over residential areas, contributing to tranquility in the outskirts of cities. Roads and alleys have been reopened to traffic, preventing the accumulation of waste on sidewalks and streets, and barriers have been removed. By standardizing the activities of merchants and regulating their activities, significant contributions have been made to both increasing tax revenues and ensuring order and control in residential and suburban areas. Roads and alleys have been reopened to traffic and barriers on sidewalks and streets have been removed. Furthermore, to prevent Price Gouging, price lists for raw materials have been approved and adjusted in various sectors, and distributed to relevant merchants and wholesalers for compliance. These price lists are monitored by municipal officers, and legal action has been taken against violators. Additionally, crowded urban areas have been cleared of street vendors, mobile kiosks, stalls, and clutter, and measures have been taken to prevent noise pollution. Moreover, expired and lowquality food items have been collected and removed from shops and warehouses, household sewage flow to seas, alleys, and drains has been cut off, and special attention has been given to city cleanliness.

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.