The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
Articles

Islamic Emirate at a glance

Summary of the most significant accomplishments of the Islamic Emirate 2022 – 2023

Part XVII

By: Hashmat Nasiri

  1. Increase healthcare specialists With the reform and restructuring of the Ministry of Public Health’s general arrangement, skilled and experienced personnel have been recruited in the healthcare sector, alleviating the problem of specialist shortages in hospitals and health clinics. This has also led to the activation of healthcare centers and facilitated public access to healthcare services in the country. As a result of the reform and review of the organizational structure of the healthcare sector, a total of 4,000 healthcare professionals have been recruited and started working in the healthcare sector over the past year. B. Provision of healthcare services for women and children Equipping healthcare centers with modern and advanced facilities, hiring specialists and professional staff has significantly improved the rate of patient recovery. In addition to aligning nationwide vaccination programs and providing mobile and nonmobile services through health shelters, considerable attention has been given to treating malnourished children. The establishment of over a thousand outpatient treatment centers for children across 34 provinces has been undertaken to treat children suffering from malnutrition. Furthermore, increasing surgical beds from 3 to 13 in the pediatric surgery ward at Indra Gandhi Children’s Hospital is another achievement in this sector. C. Support for domestic healthcare product manufacturing One of the priorities of the Islamic Emirate is supporting domestic healthcare product manufacturing. Over the past year, concerted efforts have been made in this regard, and necessary facilities have been provided to facilitate healthcare product manufacturing in the country. In line with this, a dedicated committee for domestic production has been established, and requirements for producing healthcare products have been met and estimated. Furthermore, to strengthen domestic production processes in the country, necessary coordination with supply chain aspects has been ensured, and domestic healthcare product exhibitions have been held within the country for market promotion. 1. Addressing natural disasters Identifying areas at risk of natural disasters is crucial to implementing preventive measures. In the past year, the State Ministry for Disaster Management has conducted risk mitigation assessments for natural disasters up to the district level. As a result, 20 provinces facing high-risk flood threats and 4 provinces facing landslide threats have been identified. A. Prevention and reduction of disaster risks Based on the conducted risk assessments, the State Ministry for Disaster Management, in collaboration with United Nations organizations and national and international institutions, has undertaken numerous projects to enhance resilience against disaster risks. These initiatives have resulted in safeguarding the lives and properties of families, public facilities, agricultural lands, and residential buildings: • Implementation of 120 projects including the construction of retaining walls, sea route cleaning, canal renovations, road construction, resettlement, and gabion walls nationwide. • Rehabilitation and reconstruction of approximately 25,000 affordable housing units for families whose homes have been destroyed and or damaged due to natural disasters. • Demolition of 13 potentially landslide-prone rock clusters in two areas of Kabul city that posed a threat to the homes of residents in the region. • Completion of surveys and assessment of vulnerable points to disaster risks in Nuristan, Kunar, Logar, Takhar, Paktika, Paktia, Parwan, Sar-e-Pul, Farah, Zabul, and Baghlan provinces, providing necessary facilities and preventive measures for disaster management in these provinces. • Resuming vulnerability assessments of fuel tanks, gas facilities, and commercial centers in Kabul city to reduce risks and safeguard the city. • Clearance of blocked transportation routes due to rainfall and snowfall in 25 provinces, ensuring access for people to cities, healthcare facilities, commercial areas, and food markets. • Assessment and rehabilitation of commercial centers. B. Assistance to victims of natural and non-natural disasters In the past year, alongside preventive measures to mitigate natural disasters, cash and in-kind assistance has been provided to affected individuals and families in the following manner: • Distribution of food, nonfood items, and cash assistance to 812 injured individuals, 707 families of martyrs, and approximately 3,000 vulnerable families. • Distribution of food, nonfood items, and cash assistance to 965,000 affected families due to natural and nonnatural disasters in the country. • Transfer of aid packages, including food, non-food items, and healthcare items, for storage in strategic and vulnerable areas of the country for emergency use. • Distribution of 160 million Afghanis for the families of martyrs and earthquake victims in Paktika and Khost provinces. C. Mine clearance and unexploded ordnance The Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan has cleared approximately 65 kilometers of contaminated areas with mines and unexploded ordnance in the past year. In total, 2,000 anti-personnel mine rings, 625 anti-tank mine rings, 3,200 handmade mine rings, and approximately 3,000 unexploded ordnances have been collected and safely disposed of. D. Signing agreements and MoUs The Islamic Emirate, in order to reduce risks and address the needs of affected individuals due to disasters, has signed 87 MoUs with national and international institutions within the country. The signing of these agreements has strengthened the involvement of relevant stakeholders in disaster management in the country. Moreover, attracting humanitarian aid including food, clothing, spices, fuel, and gas to address the situation of disaster-affected individuals has been a tangible achievement of the Islamic Emirate in the past year. 2. Management of migrants, repatriates, and IDPs Unfortunately, due to the prolonged conflict and instability in Afghanistan, the Islamic Emirate currently hosts seven million migrants and three million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). Supporting Afghan migrants, facilitating their repatriation, addressing the needs of IDPs, and aiding returnees have been steadfast priorities of the Islamic Emirate over the past two years. These priorities have been diligently pursued through the IEA’s Ministry of Refugees Repatriations, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Afghan Contacts Commission. As a result of these endeavors, in the past year, 953,000 migrants returned voluntarily to Afghanistan from Iran, Pakistan, and other countries. Moreover, 470,000 returning and displaced families have received cash, food, and nonfood assistance from governmental and collaborative institutions. In addition, reception centers have been established and activated in provinces such as Nimroz, Kandahar, Herat, and Nangarhar to better accommodate returnees. A. Facilitating the resettlement of IDPs Despite the significant number of IDPs due to war, insecurity, and natural disasters, the reinstated Islamic Emirate’s governance and actions by relevant authorities have notably reduced the number of IDPs. Over the past year, around 29,000 displaced families have been resettled, and 160,000 families have returned to their native areas due to natural disaster stabilization efforts. Moreover, to facilitate the resettlement of IDPs, the Ministry of Refugees Affairs has established working committees in ten provinces over the past year and drafted a comprehensive plan to address IDP issues.

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.