The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
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Investing the imminent crisis of water shortage in Kabul & its solution

Factors of water shortage in Kabul city

Part III

Drought and climate change: Drought and climate change are the main causes of water shortage in the world and especially in Afghanistan. In the past, the location of Kabul city was one of the richest areas in terms of snow and rain As mentioned above, due to the rise in the temperature of the earth’s surface, on the one hand, the amount of snow and rain has decreased to a great extent, and on the other hand, the level of underground water has decreased sufficiently. Excessive population growth: The excessive growth of the population in the city of Kabul is also one of the main factors for the lack of water in this city. As in 2000, the population of Kabul city was reported to be about 4 million people while now the total population of Kabul city is estimated to be more than 6 million people. However, according to the extracted water in 2020, each person in Kabul has used about 35 cubic meters of underground water annually, while the total water supplied this year was 44 million cubic meters of water. Therefore, from the figures given, it seems that the city of Kabul has a capacity of nearly two million people. Now, if the population growth in Kabul city reaches 7 million in the year 2030, the annual water consumption of Kabul city will increase to more than 245 million cubic meters. Absence of urban plan: Unfortunately, the city of Kabul has not had any regular urban plan. Anyone, anywhere, has built buildings to whatever extent they want, without paying any attention to green areas and water absorption He has built his own house or high house with the desired water well. While it is said that the urban plan during the time of the former president of Afghanistan, Daud Khan, was like this 40% of the land should be repaired and 60% of it should be used as a green area or a water absorption location. On the other hand, it can be seen that the mountains in and around the city of Kabul have turned into residential areas, and construction and buying and selling are always going on in these areas, which are geo-hydrologically important areas of underground water feeding in the city. Indiscriminate development of settlements: On the other hand, for any reason, commercial companies built settlements inside the city, or around the city, especially in the water absorption and feeding areas of Kabul city this position causes the natural absorption of water to be blocked and Kabul city faces a water shortage. The existence of water companies in the city: The existence of dozens of companies producing soft drinks and mineral water inside the city of Kabul and the transfer of these soft drinks to other provinces causes the water of Kabul to be distributed to other provinces and the people of the city face a shortage of water. Indiscriminate use of citizens: Indiscriminate use by Kabul citizens due to ignorance or lack of information is one of the main causes of water shortage in Kabul city. Because sometimes a bunch of clothes is washed in several buckets of water. Also, mansions and alleys are cleaned with water pressure, which is wasteful use of water and indifference to citizen’s responsibilities. Mismanagement of government departments: Another factor responsible for the lack of water in Kabul is mismanagement by the administrations because these administrations have not been able to have accurate statistics of how and who are the water consumers in Kabul so far, they have not been able to take serious and important practical measures regarding water management in Kabul city. While in (2020) during the administration of former President Ashraf Ghani, plans for transferring water from outside to inside Kabul city as well as underground water management in Kabul city were published by the Ministry of Energy and Water. However, lots of time has passed since its publication, the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan has been in charge of affairs for the last 2 years, and so far no practical action has been taken in this regard. Center for Strategic & Regional Studies

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.