The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

Importance of Palestine’s dispute

Part VI

Creation & establishment of the State of Israel

On 29th of November 1948, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) issued the worst 181 Agreement, which was accepted by two-thirds of the members of the assembly due to U.S. pressure and Russian support. They had discussed the division of Palestine into two countries. Based on this terrible decision, Israel was granted 55 percent of the land of Palestine, of which it previously had only 11 percent. The division of Palestine in such a way was a terrible and distressing decision for every Arab and Muslim in the world as it somehow thrashed the hope of a peaceful creation of the Palestinian state. The decision was followed by protests throughout the Is lamic world, where the Muslims were calling to stop the partition and raising the voices of the Palestinian armed struggle for freedom from Israeli tortures but all were in vain and late. On the 14th of May 1948, Britain withdrew its troops from the Palestine, and on the same day, the Parliament of the Jewish State announced the establishment of the State of Israel in Tel Aviv. Genocide of Palestinians & position of the Islamic world In October 1948, the Palestinians also declared a general government in Palestine at the Gaza Conference, but those Arab countries that had power and army could not do anything for the Palestinian land as they were under the influence of the advisors and commanders of the European countries. Instead of confronting the Jews, the Arab countries somehow started to prevent from the progress of the Arab mujahidin. In such a situation, a cease-fire was declared, and the Jewish state was given a legal status. This way, Alhaj Amin Hussaini withdrew from Gaza due to increased pressure from the Egyptian army, and those mujahidin of the Muslim’ Brothers Movement who had voluntarily come for jihad got imprisoned and the Palestinians started to face with displacement, bloodshed and other brutalities. For example, the ‘Dir Yasin Genocide’ was considered as one of the key genocide that happened on 9th April 1948, during which 258 Palestinians were killed and 60 percent of others were forced to be displaced from their home areas. They started to take refuge in areas ruled by the Jews as 30,000 Palestinians took refugee in occupied areas. In 1952, the revolution in Egypt under the leadership of Gamal Abdel Nasser came on the basis that there would be no war in Palestine and the liberation of Palestine would be their primary goal. British, French & Israeli attack on Egypt In 1955, the Western response to the opening of the Suez National Canal by Gamal Abdel Nasser was followed by a war between the Egypt and some western countries as in 1956, Britain, France and Israel attacked Egypt, but the attack of the respective countries on Egypt were failed because the United States and the Soviet Union did not approve and support them. Therefore, the British and French troops withdrew from Egypt on 23 December 1956, and the Suez War ended. Egypt did reach its goal and regained its territories from Israel. But they could not drive Israel from the Gulf of Aqaba. The 1967 War In June 1967, Egypt besieged the Straits of Tiran and the Gulf of Aqaba and revoked the permission of Israeli aircrafts. Besides, the United Nations military forces were forced to withdraw from the areas. Nevertheless, the Israeli regime responded and targeted all airports in Jordon, Egypt and Syria, and within six days the situation changed completely. The Arab countries faced with a new disaster as the Zionists occupied the rest of Palestine (5,878 km of the West Bank, 363 km of the Gaza Strip, 61,198 km of the Sinai Desert Mitra and the Golan mountain region of Syria (1,150 km area).The result of this war was that 330,000 more Palestinians were displaced from the country, and the people’s trust in the Arab rulers ended and some national movements for the liberation of Palestine were created. Lecturer Saifullah Saee

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.