The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

IDPs living in precarious situations across Afghanistan

Mandatory Credit: Photo by HEDAYATULLAH AMID/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock (12291615g) Internally displaced families from northern provinces, who fled from their homes due to the fighting between Taliban and Afghan security forces, take shelter in a public park in Kabul, Afghanistan, 14 August (issued 15 August). The Taliban captured Mazar-i-Sharif, the country's fourth-largest city and the government's last major stronghold in the north on 14 August, as they tightened their grip on the country and closed in on Kabul. Most of the remote districts of the provinces have already fallen to the Taliban in the past three months. Internally displaced persons camp in Kabul, Afghanistan - 14 Aug 2021

There are around 6.3 million internally displaced people living in precarious situations across Afghanistan. Thousands more have been forced to leave their homes over the last few years due to long-term drought, poverty, natural disasters, and climate change. The back-to-back earthquakes in western Afghanistan in October 2023, together with the decision of Pakistan to deport 1.7 million undocumented Afghans back to Afghanistan, have somehow escalated the already dire humanitarian situation in the country. Underfunding is still the biggest constraint to maintaining and expanding humanitarian response. The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Aid (OCHA) has recently said in a report that Afghanistan is the first country in South Asia and the second in the world that have the most internally displaced peo ple. OCHA added that currently one out of every seven Afghan citizens is internally displaced and the number of internally displaced people in Afghanistan reaches 6.3 million. “Currently, 6.3 million people, that is one out of every seven Afghans, are facing long-term displacement. Many of them have left their homes.” OCHA stated that longterm drought, poverty, natural disasters, and climate change are the main reasons for the internal displacement of Afghan citizens. International sanctions continue to affect the functioning of key financial institutions and the private sector. In addition, widespread unemployment, and increasing food costs continue to drive humanitarian needs. In recent years, drought and natural events have forced most families to leave their main residing place. In the past, there was water in most districts of the country, where most agricultural fields and gardens had good yield, while the water has now dried up due to long-term drought as the people have lost everything and most have been displaced. For example, in most parts of Helmand, there has been long-term drought and some people have been displaced from their home areas to Lashkargah, the provincial capital city. In Nawzad, some families have been displaced as their lands have dried up due to long-term drought there. In addition, Afghan returnees from Iran and Pakistan have also added to the number of displaced people in Afghanistan. For newly returned families, life is very hard as there’s nothing for them to do. Their economy is dire and they are facing with various problems. Afghanistan Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation is working to address challenges facing those who have recently returned from Pakistan and Iran. The ministry is also working to provide them with the opportunity to live in permanent places. According to the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation, however, say that 2 million Afghan citizens are currently internally displaced. Based on reports of the respective ministry, all the people who have been displaced due to conflicts and insecurity reached three million, and in these two years, one million of them moved to their main regions. There are many displaced people in every province, but most of them are in Kabul city. Since last October, over 850,000 Afghans have returned to the country from Iran and Pakistan. It is worth mentioning that another 1.46 million Afghans will return to Afghanistan from Iran and Pakistan during the period of the current year. Mashal

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.