The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

IDPs in Kabul voicing concern over lack of shelter

During various decades, many Afghans used to live in rural areas away from the battlefield due to internal wars in the country. After 2001 and the invasion of Afghanistan by NATO and the U.S. forces, the number of internally displaced persons reached 1.2 million, but after ensuring security, this number decreased to 650,000. From 2001 to 2006, when the security situation in the country was improving, the number of internally displaced persons also decreased annually. However, after 2007, there was an upward trend in the number of internally displaced persons in certain areas. This year, there were approximately 1,537,718 internally displaced persons (IDPs) throughout Afghanistan, but by May 2015, this number had reached 916,435. In 2016, the total number of IDPs was estimated to be around 1.5 million. The increase in IDPs in 2016 was due to the expansion of activities by the ISIS group and natural disasters in the northern provinces of Afghanistan. Overall, the factors contributing to the increase in internally displaced persons include unemployment, poverty, and natural disasters. Although the Afghan government had a plan in place to address the issues of internally displaced persons (IDPs), some IDPs in the Bagrami area of Kabul criticize the Kabul Municipality for demolishing their homes. The IDPs, numbering over 2,000, claim that they have nowhere else to go and that the Islamic Emirate should not destroy their homes. “We borrowed a lot of money from people and built this house. All the people in this area had borrowed and built their homes,” said Rokhshana, a displaced woman in Bagrami district. At the same time, IDPs in the Arzan Qemat area of Kabul also say that the Islamic Emirate has given them two days to leave their homes and properties. Meanwhile, the Kabul Municipality states that the houses of these IDPs were built on state land and, therefore, need to be demolished. “There are other areas in Kabul for which we have issued notices to all residents, and Kabul Municipality wants its plans to be implemented in the city. No one can forcefully occupy land,” said Nematullah Barekzai, a representative of Kabul Municipality. Previously, the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) stated that it assists individuals who have been displaced from their homes. According to the report of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, natural disasters, economic devastation, poverty, unemployment crises, and lack of investment in infrastructure are among the factors that have contributed to the increase in internal displacement in the country. Individuals forced to leave their permanent residence due to war, armed conflicts, natural disasters, poverty, etc., is considered an internally displaced person (IDP). They often lose their basic amenities and face numerous challenges, such as a lack of livelihood, shelter, education, employment opportunities, and other essential needs for survival. Saida Ahmadi

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.