The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
Articles

How to reduce traffic accidents

Respecting citizens’ rights is a prerequisite for driving culture and one of the key indicators of progress in different societies. The level of development of driving culture is closely related to the adherence to citizens’ rights. Individuals who believe in lawful driving and exercise greater caution during driving are also lawabiding and exhibit a stronger sense of responsibility in other sectors of society. Culture is recognized as the most essential factor in improving and revitalizing society. Considering the comprehensive training of driving culture through media educational institutions for advancing the cultural infrastructure gradually, adhering to driving laws by all society individuals, there is an expectation that in the future, we might anticipate encountering individuals who comprehend the concept of “right of way” and prioritize respect for the rights of others as a fundamental principle. As mentioned, social culture has changed in the current era where a new generation resides. Considering the circumstances of society, one of the essential requirements for institutionalizing traffic and driving culture is respect for the civic rights of individuals. It is because driving has transformed into a culture in today’s societies, and psychologists perceive it as a behavioral model. The lack of adherence to proper driving culture in megacities by some drivers has led citizens to face numerous problems, and improper driving is recognized as one of the most significant factors contributing to disabilities and road fatalities. Although vehicles serve as means of transportation for families and provide convenience and comfort, disregarding traffic laws and regulations can result in damages. Therefore, the lack of driving culture plays a crucial role in occurring accidents and collisions. It is evident that neglecting traffic violations and driving misconduct has emboldened offenders further. The most effective approach to institutionalizing correct driving patterns and changing the behavior of offenders is to require their participation in driver education courses or driving training programs. Psychologists believe that human behavior and the lack of driving culture play a significant role in occurring accidents and collisions. Psychologists believe that human behavior is the result of their desires, emotions, and thoughts. When these elements are in harmony and collaborate with each other, they contribute to a person’s well-being. However, if one of these elements deviates from its balance, it will lead to instability and personal difficulties. Therefore, individuals’ emotions directly impact their driving, and their environmental reactions to other drivers can either foster collective behavior in accordance with the law or create discord. Psychology of driving and traffic, as a branch of applied psychology, focuses on describing, predicting, and potentially changing the driver’s behavior during driving. The essential topic in driving psychology is the examination of the individual behavior of drivers, underlying factors of individual behavior during driving, and the relationship between these behaviors and traffic accidents. Individual behavior during driving or in traffic is directly influenced by factors such as the vehicle and traffic conditions, the physical and mental state of the driver, traffic norms, regulations, and the traffic situation on the roads. It is important to note that individual behavior alone cannot be considered the sole factor in traffic accidents. Although many traffic authorities strive to emphasize the role of cars and motorcycles in road collisions, research suggests that the culture of driving and human factors have a remarkable impact on accident prevention. While driving, drivers should be fully attentive and focused on their driving, respecting traffic rules and regulations, and refrain from engaging in conflicts, using mobile phones, etc. Moreover, the role of cultural acceptance, in general, is significant in social interactions, and traffic and driving are considered essential components of urban life, attracting the attention of sociologists and psychologists. It is because the problems arising from improper and aggressive traffic and driving practices directly impact citizens’ lives. Saida Ahmadi

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.