The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
Editorial

How to reduce air pollution and save life

Air pollution in the country’s major cities, particularly, the capital Kabul is feared to take lives of many residents, mostly children. The mortality rate has also recently increased in the capital, due to the lack of seasonal rains and the use of smoke-producing objects, as well as burning plastic and rubbers in the kilns and public baths. The lack of seasonal rains is also another factor behind air pollution in Kabul city, as the capital is grappling with a significant and persistent air pollution problem. Likewise, the city’s rapid urbanization, increased industrial activities, population growth, and inadequate infrastructure have contributed to the deterioration of air quality, according to analysts. On the other hand, the high number of vehicles, including old and poorly maintained ones, contribute to a significant portion of air pollution in the city. Unregulated industrial activities, especially in manufacturing and construction sectors, release pollutants into the air as well extensive construction activities and improper dust management contribute to particulate matter pollution in the city, where thousands of people are facing negative outcomes and death. Also, according to analysts, reliance on fossil fuels and inefficient energy sources, such as coal and biomass, for heating and cooking purposes, releases harmful pollutants. All these factors have gathered to strengthen air pollution that poses significant health risks, leading to respiratory problems, allergies, and increased susceptibility to respiratory infections. The negative impact of air pollution is seriously affecting public health and reduced productivity and can result in increased healthcare costs and economic losses, as well. So, the causes, impacts and potential solutions should be sought by environmental experts to combat air pollution in the capital. Strict regulations on vehicle emissions, industrial pollution and construction practices should be implemented and enforced. As experts believe, public transportation, cycling, and walking should be used, while investing in infrastructure for these alternatives and the use of clean and renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind, for heating, cooking, and electricity generation should be promoted. Awareness campaigns, are also, one of the most important factors which should be conducted about the health impacts of air pollution and citizens on sustainable practices should be educated. Cooperation and coordination between the related organs and the people should be considered seriously to reduce the undeniable harms of air pollution in the capital.

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.