The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
Articles

How America’s war in Afghanistan devastated country’s environment?

The New Lines agency found in a detailed investigative report that among those who lived near former U.S. military bases in Afghanistan, skin, heart, and gastrointestinal diseases have been observed, and their lands have also been damaged. In the report prepared by Lynzy Billing, an investigative journalist, it is claimed that American forces paid little attention to the destructive consequences of using bombs and burning waste on the health of the people, especially around U.S. military bases in Nangarhar, Kandahar, and Parwan. Some residents in Afghanistan told the reporter that they have suffered from skin, heart, and gastrointestinal diseases. Additionally, the yields of their lands have decreased. Billing said that these consequences are due to the dispersion of chemical substances resulting from bomb explosions and the burning of waste at the military bases in the country. According to this report, the U.S. military dropped over 85,000 bombs on Afghanistan from 2001 to 2021, with most of them containing an explosive substance called “RDX,” which has adverse effects on the nervous system. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has classified this substance as carcinogenic. In April 2017, the U.S. military used its most powerful bomb, known as the “Mother of All Bombs,” in the Achin district of Nangarhar province. According to a local resident, eight months after this devastating explosion, people were finally allowed to return to their homes. One resident of the area told New Lines that many residents developed strange skin diseases shortly after; the report said “All the people who lived in the village of Asadkhil became ill after the bombing,” the New Lines quoted the resident as saying. In addition, the residents of the area say that upon their return, they realized that their lands no longer yield as much as before. “Previously, I would harvest 150 kilograms of wheat from my land; now we can’t even get half of that,” said another resident. According to the New Lines report, U.S. military bases released significant amounts of sewage from their bases onto the lands and water sources around them, contaminating agricultural lands and underground water for the entire population. Afghan doctors and public health officials who treated the people say that the Pentagon was not inclined to adhere to environmental protection regulations. The President of America, Joe Biden, urged Congress in 2022 to pass a law addressing the impact of toxic and dense fumes on the lungs of American soldiers in war zones. He requested that the law be enacted to ensure that U.S. soldiers in Afghanistan receive the deserved benefits and comprehensive healthcare. However, Biden and Congress did not mention the benefits of the new law for Afghans who lived near or worked at U.S. military bases and are now suffering from diseases and cancers. New Lines estimates that when over 100,000 NATO forces were present in Afghanistan, they generated over 400,000 kilograms of waste daily, a significant portion of which was burned without any pollution control. Billing, a reporter for New Lines, traveled throughout Afghanistan over six months and interviewed 26 doctors and 52 local residents around former U.S. bases. She also spoke with some Afghan and American soldiers who believe that their health problems and illnesses are directly related to their work at U.S. military bases in Afghanistan. Military doctors who worked at U.S. bases told the reporter that the burning and dumping of waste has a definite impact on the health of all individuals. Mashal Noori

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.