The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

Governments, employees should provide better life conditions for children

By: Lailuma Noori

Since 2002, International Labor Organization (ILO) has marked 12 June as World Day Against Child Labor. The day reminds all the people in the world, governments and employers to make effort towards life condition of children and to end child labor.
What’s child labor?
Based on the UN definition, all types of labors that somehow threaten the under-aged children and violate international laws are defined as child labor. With child labor, children can be deprived from education or somehow obliged to work hard besides getting education. The worst forms of child labor against which efforts are being made across the world are the exploitation of children for illegal activities or other harassment.
Millions of children are obliged to work hard or turn to do the worst forms of child labor rather than to do sport, dream, recreational activities and get education.
Currently, nearly 218 million children are engaged in child labor. They don’t go to school and have time to do sport or play in ground. Most of them are facing with food immunity. It is said that half of them are facing with the worst types of child labor across the world.
In June for the World Day, the ILO and UNICEF will release new global estimates and trends on child labour (2016-2020), under the aegis of Alliance 8.7. The report will include an assessment of how the pace of progress towards ending child labour is likely to be affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and the unprecedented economic crisis that has accompanied it.
For this year’s World Day, a ”Week of Action” will be launched around 12 June, starting with the launch of the new global estimates on child labour. The events and activities carried out during this week will be an opportunity for partners to showcase progress in carrying out their ”2021 Action Pledges.” All pledges made by regional, national and organizational stakeholders and individuals will be featured on the website for the 2021 International Year  in April.
In Afghanistan, continued war and violence have destructed the life of Afghan children as they are facing with mental and psychological harms, which is shocking. The United Nations has put six forms of child labor as worst in the country. Continued violation of children’s rights in armed clashes, killing and wounding the Afghan children, deployment of children by war groups, kidnapping and attacks on schools and hospitals, raping and all other forms of harassment are existed in the country.
It is suggested to all parties to the ongoing conflict to observe the war and humanitarian laws to protect the rights of children in the country. Armed government opponent groups have been asked continually not to use IEDs along roads and highways.
Child trafficking for different purposes, dispatching children to foreign and neighboring countries to receive suicide training and child labor are a range of cases that have raised concerns. The government of Afghanistan is asked to pay attention to end the culture of impunity in this regard.
Currently, Afghan children are facing with lots of problems in the country. Lack of access to education, health, early marriages, misusing the children, forced child labor and any kinds of harassment and violence are a range of examples facing Afghan children in the country.
The World Day Against Child Labor comes at a time when nearly 6 million children are under threat and nearly 3 million children are facing with severe child labor in Afghanistan. The importance of the day can be highlighted only when a range of programs and policies are set and implemented for the improvement of life condition of Afghan children in the country.



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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.