The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

Ghazni Minarets: Symbol of Islamic magnificent architecture

A general view of the city of Kabul, Afghanistan August 5, 2022. REUTERS/Ali Khara

The twin minarets of “Masoud” and “ Sultan Bahramshah,” which date back to 800 years ago, are located one-kilometer northeast of Ghazni city. These minarets are octagonal and made of burned bricks, standing at approximately 25 meters in height. Archaeologists consider these structures as part of the remaining relics from the Ghaznavid period. These cones are adorned with stucco decorations and also feature inscriptions in Kufic script. Another minaret with the names “Ala Ud-Daula Abu Said Masoud bin Zaher UdDaula Ibrahim” and “Bahram Shah son of Sultan Masoud Ghaznavi” exists in this city Unfortunately, about 30% of these two beautifully adorned minarets have been gradually destroyed over time due to war and earthquakes. On one side of these minarets, the names of Allah are inscribed, while on the other side, the names of the architects of these structures are written in Kufic script. The outer surface of these minarets is cylindrical in shape. Around these minarets, spiral staircases are built, allowing enthusiasts and tourists to ascend and climb to the top of these minarets. In Islamic countries, minarets are usually constructed with three main purposes. The first place where a minaret is built is a mosque. Minarets in mosque buildings not only serve as a guide for the direction of prayer but also provide a place for the muezzin to recite the call to prayer (Adhan). Military objectives are the second purpose that plays a role in the construction of minarets. In such cases, minarets are used as observation posts. Additionally, minarets play a significant role in the security of roads and caravans. The third objective for which minarets are built is to demonstrate the grandeur and power of empires and kings. Minarets were a symbol of the glory and power of the kings in the past, and each empire with taller minarets was considered more powerful. The minarets of the ancient city of Ghazni were also built with the purpose of displaying the authority and magnificence of the Ghaznavid kings, especially the great emperor Sultan Mahmood and his descendants. The construction of minarets in Afghanistan also has a long history, and from the 6 century onwards, numerous minarets were built in this geographical region. Among these minarets, we can mention the minarets of “Masoud III Bahram Shah,” “Minar-e-Jam,” and the minarets of the Masjid-e-Jami Herat. According to archaeologists, the progress in restoring ancient monuments in Ghazni province requires financial assistance from neighboring countries. If the necessary budget is allocated to engineers and workers, there is hope that the desired monuments can be restored within the specified time. The city of Ghazni was selected as the capital of Islamic civilization in 2013, and all the ancient monuments in this province were made accessible to the public. However, the people in the city are eagerly awaiting the restoration of these ancient relics, with the hope that one day Ghazni will witness the prosperity and magnificence it once had. Saida Ahmadi

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.