The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
National

Farmers battling drought and water scarcity in Herat, Badghis

The significance of water as one of the vital and precious resources is increasingly felt, especially in Afghanistan, where 85% of its population relies on agriculture for their livelihood.

Drought and water scarcity pose major challenges for farmers in the country, and in certain provinces of Afghanistan, farmers are grappling with water shortages. The residents of Badghis, Herat, and some other provinces of Afghanistan, including the capital of Kabul, are among those facing this problem. The significance of water as one of the vital and precious resources is increasingly felt, especially in Afghanistan, where 85% of its population relies on agriculture for their livelihood. Drought and water scarcity are currently among the fundamental challenges for farmers. Farmers in the country complain about the lack of sufficient water for irrigating their crops. Decreased snowfall and rainfall, drying up of natural springs, and depletion of groundwater levels are signs of drought that have had negative impacts on farmers’ agricultural yield. Amongst them, the farmlands in the Gulran district of Herat province have been more affected by drought compared to other areas. Farmers in the district state that their farmlands have suffered significant damage due to prolonged drought, and the lack of fodder has made it difficult for them to handle their farm husbandry. Khalil, a resident of the Gulran district in Herat province, expresses concern about the consequences of the drought, stating that the lack of water this year poses a major threat to farmers and landowners in the district. “We, the people who live in the rural areas, depend on animal husbandry and agriculture. If there is a prosperous and abundant year, our livelihoods are ensured. However, this year is dangerous for us because there is no forage in the pastureland, and wheat crops have completely dried up. The residents of the district say that they had spent a considerable amount of money on their farms, but now they lost everything. Mohammad Eisa, another resident of the Golran district, has cultivated wheat and barley on his farmland. He says he has invested all his resources in farming, but the drought has caused almost 300 Jeribs of his land to dry up. Local officials in Herat also confirm that residents of the Golran district are facing a severe drought. According to them, the depletion of groundwater levels and the absence of seasonal rains have led to the drought, affecting the residents of the Golran district more than other areas. In response to the complaints raised by the residents of the district, the Governor of the Herat province has also committed to urging aid organizations to expedite assistance to the local people. Gulran is one of the districts of Herat province, sharing borders with Iran and Turkmenistan. The district has a population of over one hundred thousand, and is situated approximately 120 km north of Herat. The majority of the people in this district are engaged in agriculture and farming. Shukria Kohistani

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.