The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

Enhancing problem-solving skills: A professional approach in a good governance

Part III

By: Firooz Ahmad Ebrahimi

Stage four of problem-solving skills: Presenting solutions The fourth step in problemsolving is to evaluate all possible solutions. This stage is a reminder of the thoroughness required in problem-solving, as it prompts you to consider every conceivable solution. In the example we discussed, you are encouraged to propose a variety of plans, even those that might seem foolish or impossible. It’s worth noting that these seemingly illogical solutions could be the most effective and cost-efficient ways to address your problem. Stage five of problem-solving skills: Research The fifth step in solving a problem and utilizing this skill, which is of paramount importance, is to thoroughly research the various plans you noted down in the previous stage. The larger your problem, the more crucial this part becomes. Dedicate the necessary time in this phase to evaluate the plans and tools for solving the problem. This effort is not just a step, but a significant part of the problem-solving process that helps you choose the best solution based on the current circumstances, available financial resources, the time you need, and other factors, making your efforts worthwhile. Stage six of problem-solving skills: Experience and implementation The sixth approach in the seven key steps of problemsolving skills is to leverage the experiences of others. In this stage, you should investigate and inquire about people who have previously faced similar problems and examine which plans they used. Although individual circumstances differ, paying attention to the experiences of those who have been in similar situations before helps identify blind spots in your problem-solving plan and prepare for any eventualities. Then, you can confidently select one, two, or even three top plans and implement them. Ensure that implementing your plans includes a schedule so you know what to do and when to do it. This also allows you to analyze the effectiveness of your chosen plan better. Stage seven of problemsolving skills: Analyzing results The seventh and final step in the problem-solving process, as outlined in the McKinsey method, is analyzing the results of implementing the top plans. The scheduling from stage six helps you better assess how successful your actions have been. To evaluate the success of your plan more effectively, you can ask yourself questions such as: Did this solution work? Would you recommend this plan to others facing a similar problem? By following these steps, you can systematically solve the issues you encounter. Problem-solving skills for different segments of society Problem-solving skills can vary based on one’s duties, level of education, family situation, age, conditions, and even gender. Although the fundamental principles of problem-solving remain the same, some details can differ depending on the group. For instance, factors important in teaching problem-solving skills to children and teenagers might not be as effective for managers. The following sections explain examples of teaching problem-solving skills to different groups. How is problem-solving skills training conducted for children and teenagers? As parents, you are likely aware of the importance of teaching problem-solving skills to your children. Teaching key elements for resolving a crisis from an early age can significantly impact your child’s upbringing. Learning these skills offers numerous benefits for children and teenagers. As adults, they will perform better in social interactions, work-related issues, and other areas compared to their peers. Additionally, research has shown that these children are less likely to experience aggression, isolation, and similar problems during adolescence. The positive impact of learning problem-solving approaches indicates that they can better handle challenges, such as choosing an academic or sports path and similar decisions. These skills can be taught in various ways. Utilizing games, brainteasers, storytelling, and encouraging independence in decision-making can teach your child how to address and overcome challenges. Problem-solving skills in the family Sometimes, issues and challenges are not confined to an individual but may involve the entire family. During such times, listening to everyone’s opinions and maintaining calm are crucial for resolving the problem. It’s important to recognize that if a problem can engage all family members, it is likely quite difficult. In countries like Afghanistan, unfortunately, families often do not handle problemsolving correctly, which can lead to further harm. When it comes to problemsolving skills within a family, consider the following: Identifying the Problem: Often, family members don’t express their issues due to emotional bonds, thinking others should naturally understand their problems or out of consideration for others. However, this can have negative effects on the individual’s mental health and subsequently on family relationships. Setting a Goal: After taking the first step in family problemsolving, the next step is to set a goal. This goal should outline a logical plan to solve the problem. It needs to be realistic, reliable, and measurable. Reflection and Discussion: This stage allows family members to express their desires and opinions. It’s essential to listen to each person calmly and without judgment. Finding a Solution: From all the discussed ideas, try to find the solution that best fits your situation and implement it. Evaluation: Finally, the last important tool in this process is evaluating the chosen solutions. One benefit of this evaluation is that if the chosen method doesn’t effectively solve the issue, you might have the chance to correct it and replace it with a better solution. Continue…

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.