The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

Elements of political system & names of rulers:

Model of political system in Islam:
Part IV

According to the current introduction of state, the state has three or four elements as a permanent population, a defined territory, a government and a capacity to enter relations with other states.
In the mentioned elements, the defined territory element between the Islamic countries is not accepted by most ulamas who believes that the territory should be defined in accordance to beliefs, but now the territory is defined as the key element of the state. The third element of the state is the government which has various examples such as monarchy, democracy, the emirate and others. The ruler of the state is also different as president, prime minister, caliph, supreme leader, imam, king and others.
The above examples are related to various types of government and they’re as follows:
1.Democracy: A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives who make all the decisions.
2. Monarchy: A political system based upon the undivided sovereignty or rule of a single person. The term applies to states in which supreme authority is vested in the monarch, an individual ruler who functions as the head of state and who achieves his or her position through heredity.
3. Islamic system: A pure Islamic system that is also defined as the Islamic Caliphate or Emirate with the emir or imam at the head.
Difference between democracy & Islamic caliphate:
1. In a democratic system, head of the state is elected through a direct vote of the people, while in the Islamic caliphate, the caliph or emir is selected through a council.
2. In a democratic system, voter’s age, nationality and registration are concerned, while in the Islamic caliphate, being a Muslim, masculine, wisdom, piety, talent in Islamic studies, and good perception in the country’s context and policy are concerned.
3. In a democratic system, the president’s age and nationality are concerned, while in the Islamic system, the emir’s religious education, bravery, gender, piety and others are concerned.
4. In a democratic system, the president is not independent and cannot decide alone as the democracy has three powers: executive, legislative and judicial, while in Islamic caliphate, the emir or caliph is independent and can decide independently, except key decisions are made in consultation with the council.
A number of ulama believe that democracy has no relations with the Islamic system and it should not be established in Islamic countries because, in a democratic system, there is also opposition groups, while in the Islamic system, there should not be the opposition groups.
In a democratic system, all decisions are made based on the majority, but Islam says about the majority (If you obey most of those on earth, that is, the disbelievers, they will lead you astray from the way of God, [from] His religion).
Also, the current democratic system is brought from the west and sees the capacity, not the quality. Those who get more votes are the winners and the vote of men and women, educated and uneducated are equal. Meanwhile, the mechanism and procedure of elections in a democratic system is not right as ending relationship, spending lots of money, deceiving, bribery, threatening the opposition and others are used to get more votes in the elections.
Also, in case of winning or losing the elections, unlawful actions or other kinds of violence can be created in democratic system.
Saifullah Saee

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.