The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

Doha 3: Evaluating ties between IEA, West

Part I

The discussion was held under the support of the Strategic Studies Center of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, titled “Doha 3: The Interaction of the Islamic Emirate with the International Community.” The first session of special representatives from several countries for Afghanistan, led by António Guterres, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, was held in Doha in May 2023. The second session was on February 18 and 19 of the current year, which the Islamic Emirate was invited to attend. However, due to the lack of conditions, Emirates refused to participate. Now, the 3rd session is scheduled to be held on June 30 and July 1. This time, not only the Emirates have been invited, but also many Western and regional delegations have come to Kabul and are trying to encourage the Islamic Emirate’s officials to participate in Doha 3. Last month, the United Nations Under-Secretary-General, Rosemary Anne DiCarlo, the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Qatar, representatives of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, and Thomas Nikolaus, the Special Representative of the European Union, came to Kabul and encouraged the Foreign Minister to participate in Doha 3. It seems that this time, the hosts and organizers of the meeting are making an effort to provide the opportunity for the Islamic Emirates to participate in Doha 3 so that the absence of the Emirates’ delegation does not overshadow the upcoming session like the previous one. The Islamic Emirates have had preliminary negotiations with the Under-Secre tary-General of the United Nations and Qatari officials regarding Doha 3, and the initial agenda has also been shared for discussion. Kabul is awaiting the latest information on the final details, agenda, and composition of the session to decide on participation based on them, as per the promise of the United Nations. Background of the Doha negotiations: The Doha sessions are related to the resolutions of the United Nations Security Council. In March 2023, through the adoption of Resolution 2679, the Security Council mandated the Secretary-General to conduct an independent assessment of the situation in Afghanistan. The main sponsors of this initiative were Japan and the United Arab Emirates. Upon the request of the Secretary-General of the Security Council, on April 25 of last year, Feridun Sinirlioðlu, a former Turkish politician and diplomat, was appointed as the Special Coordinator of independent Assessment. Sinirlioðlu shared his initial draft assessment with the Security Council member states on November 17. There were extensive discussions among the Security Council member states about the inter-country assessment. Russia and China emphasized that the views of the Afghan government on the assessed proposals should be taken into account. Finally, Sinirlioðlu’s independent assessment was approved by the Security Council through Resolution 2721 on December 29, 2023. Thus, Sinirlioðlu’s independent assessment was endorsed by the United Nations Security Council. Sinirlioðlu’s assessment: Sinirlioðlu’s assessment consists of four sections, namely: introduction, issues, key priorities, recommendations, and conclusions. Among these four sections, there are two main sections, for example, the second section specifies important issues and priorities, and the third section contains recommendations that also include support mechanisms for the process. In Afghanistan, issues such as human rights, rights of religious and ethnic minorities, security and terrorism, drugs, development, economic and social challenges, dialogue, governance, and the rule of law have been highlighted as fundamental problems. In the introduction to the recommendations, many international actors advocate for increased international interaction, but in a coordinated, coherent, and organized manner that yields clear results for all parties involved. In terms of recommendations, the evaluator has outlined a roadmap in which the Islamic Emirates must take specific steps, and ultimately Afghanistan should be recognized as a formal country by the international community. In the first recommendation, the international community was urged to meet the urgent needs of Afghans by building trust. For example, aid should be more regular and sustainable, especially in areas of food security, livelihoods, and health. It was also recommended that international assistance that addresses the basic needs of Afghans be expanded. Economic negotiations and reforms for economic reconstruction should begin to address various obstacles. Sayed Asef Fekrat

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.