The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

Contradictory points of international and human laws with Islam

Model of political system in Islam:

Part III

There are a number of points that are also existed in Islamic countries, but Islam offered alternatives for them almost 1,400 years ago, and there are some examples:
1. The word ‘president’ and procedures and conditions for the selection of a president. In Islam, we have emir, imam and caliph that have been recalled in the past history of Islam. There’s a particular procedure and mechanism for the selection of emir or caliph.
The word ‘president’ is new and the procedure used for the selection of a president is full of problems. In presidential elections, the number of votes is considered not the quality. In the republic system, the new president if he’s good or bad is replaced after five years, while in the Islamic system, there should be reasons based on sharia to sack or change the emir.
2. In Islam, according to most religious ulama and scholars, being male is a condition to be an emir or caliph, while in current republic systems, a woman can be also a president.
3. In the Islamic system, all people from imam to ordinary individuals are treated as equal, while in the republic system and kingdom, there should be a special court for the president or king as they’re treated differently from others.
4. In the Islamic system, any gift if granted to imam or ordinary employees of the system is submitted to the ‘Baitulmal’ treasury, while in the republic and kingdom, gifts are kept by kings and presidents.
5. In the Islamic system, being male is condition to be a member of the Supreme Court, while in the republic system, a woman can be also a member of the Supreme Court.
6. In Islam, the responsibilities and rights of men and women are fair and different from each other, while in current political systems, their rights and responsibilities are equal.
7. In Islam, women cannot travel without ‘mahram’ or a male company, while in the current political system, women can travel alone.
Governance in within the Islamic system:
In Islam, the political system which is common among Sunnis is called emirate or caliphate, but the same system among Shia is ‘Imamat’. Religious ulama have pointed some differentiations between the two systems and they are as follows:
1. The first differentiation is in the introduction of imam and caliph. Sunnis call the Prophet Mohammad’s (PBUH) replacement as Caliph, while Shia calls the Prophet’s replacement as Imam.
2. The caliphate is not based on the nomination, but on the discretion and social authority of the Ummah, while Imam is selected through a way of suggestion. According to Shia ulama, Hazrat Ali was selected based on the suggestion of Hazrat Mohammad (peace be upon him).
3. From the point of Shia ulama, Imam is an innocent representative from the Almighty Allah’s side as What Allah instructs His messenger, He also instructs Imam.
They think what Imam does and says is from the Almighty Allah’s side, meaning that there is no possibility of mistake, but according to Sunnis, the Caliph is the successor and replacement of the Prophet, and he has the status of a mujtahid from the religious point of view. There is a possibility of both correction and mistake. Ustad Saifullah Saee

Related posts

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More

The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.