The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
Articles

Concept of sound management in public institutions

Part II

The sound management system of government is the result of adaptation and the establishment of a comprehensive order, starting from the targets and fundamental principles of governance, and continuing down to lower levels. In this process, even if one of the components is not properly aligned, it can lead to a problem, which signifies the absence of a sound government administration. Therefore, it cannot be said that by creating several options, we can put an end to the establishment of a sound administration in the government and resolve this issue, as this process has an undeniable dependence on fundamental elements such as security, education, culture, and the economy of each land. If these components are not adhered to, undoubtedly, the proposed plans can only solve a part of the problem at one time and no more. Therefore, it can be said that sound administration in the government is the result of a healthy system. After the establishment of the republic system and the influx of millions of dollars in aid to Afghanistan, it was hoped that the Afghan government would have an organized administrative system. This system could contribute to economic growth by providing services to the people on the one hand, and on the other hand, it could fulfill the government’s objectives and strengthen the foundations of governance. Although efforts were made in this regard by a few government officials, unfortunately, not only did they remain unsuccessful, but they also paved the way for a crisis of administrative corruption. This was acknowledged by Hamid Karzai, the former President of Afghanistan, during the Kabul Bank crisis, on numerous occasions in both national and international media, where he admitted that America directly contributed to the paralysis of the administrative system and the spread of corruption. Furthermore, the Whistle of America was accused of being involved in the Kabul Bank crisis. Something that was highly unlikely and was expected, as the presence of America in Afghanistan under the pretext of state-building was nothing but a fantasy. What has always served as a hindrance to previous governments, including the republic, were various factors. One of these factors was the lack of security. The necessity of security in society is like the necessity of blood in the body, and if you have hundreds of development and infrastructure projects in hand but lack security, undoubtedly, all projects will fail, and adaptability will not be possible. Afghanistan’s history has been entangled with insecurities and internal tensions, and Afghanistan was recognized as a country where power struggles were at a high level. These insecurities had deep roots, to the extent that their scope ranged from external interventions to tensions among power elites over their interests. The absence of security not only deprives governments of development opportunities but also leads to the loss of bread from people’s tables. In an insecure country, wealth is only in the hands of warlords. Another factor that has led to the creation of a tired and broken administrative system, turning government offices into a classic and exhausted style, was the widespread presence of administrative corruption at various levels of governance. This corruption, rooted in high levels, had permeated down to the lower ranks of officials. It has been proven that corruption destroys order, so undoubtedly, corrupt individuals and brokers always hinder the regularization of administrations, because if a stable order is established, the administrative system becomes organized, limits their ability to engage in corruption, and undermines administrative principles. Many administrative experts believe that former government officials did not want order to be established within the framework of administrations and for administrations to become sound. Although Ashraf Ghani, in the final years of his rule, spoke of eradicating corruption in administrations, it was more of a slogan, as corruption had entrenched itself, become systematic, and continued unabated, with reports of corruption in every corner being published daily. Other factors, such as the lack of service-oriented motivation among government officials, the presence and interference of external hands, lack of transparency, absence of specialists and competent managers in the government apparatus, insufficient incentives for employees, and lack of job security in government offices, were among the factors and consequences that deprived Afghanistan of economic growth, development, good governance, and the provision of services for several years. However, millions of dollars poured into this land, yet we remained needy. If we learn from the past and consider an opportunity today, we must focus on this axis of discussion: what needs to be done to establish a systematic administrative system in the government, so it can provide services to the people, properly adapt government plans, and this will be the focus of the next section of this article. Firooz Ahmad Ebrahimi

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.