The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
Articles

American hypocrisy in adhering to fundamental principles of international law

By: Abu Ragheb Amani

Part I

The United Nations Charter, a pivotal document in shaping international law, sets one of its main objectives as the articulation and determination of the rights of states and nations. It also outlines the manner of their implementation, all based on recognized international legal principles. This framework is designed to prevent any threats that may, in any way, lead to the violation of these rights and consequently weaken the interactions between states in their relations with each other. However, the specific actions of some states, often driven by their interests, have practically led to the disregard of these international rules. This has expanded the international arena to include some direct or indirect threats in the form of legal concepts such as human rights, women’s rights, etc. These actions not only create problems for nations and other states but also pose a significant risk to global peace and security, a concern that should not be taken lightly. Before we delve into the discussion on this crucial topic, I’d like to pose a fundamental question that has been the subject of intense debate in recent days, particularly in media outlets aligned with the East Bloc. This question, which demands our careful consideration, is whether the behavior of America and its allies is consistent with the fundamental principles of international law. In a broader sense, we must ask ourselves if the behavior of America and other powerful global nations aligns with the principles they have set. This question, with its far-reaching implications, demands a clear and thoughtful response from us all. In response to this question, we should first identify the principles, then acquaint ourselves with the fundamental principles of international law, and finally conclude. 1- Concept of Principle Before we explain the fundamental principles of international law, it’s essential to understand the meaning of the word “principle.” Without further ado, I’d like to remind you that the term “principle” in this text is equivalent to the French word “principe.” In Dari, this word conveys meanings such as root, foundation, basis, essence, and origin. In legal literature, the terms “principles” and “norms” are often used together, such as “principles and norms of international law.” The term “norms” refers to rules and standards that are subordinate to principles. Everyone knows that their social life is built on established rules of behavior or norms upon which people establish their social relationships. This means that every social relationship takes shape based on a specific method and procedure. The rule that governs a particular social relationship is called a norm or a standard. Because every rule or norm arises in social life, they are referred to as social norms or standards. Each norm can regulate a specific relationship. For example, greeting when meeting someone and saying goodbye when parting ways are among the norms of customs and ethics. These are examples of unwritten social norms. Moreover, the norms governing the execution of customs, traditions, religious ceremonies, and legal regulations prevailing in society are among the social norms. Legal norms are considered part of social norms, but what distinguishes legal norms from other social norms is their enforcement and guarantee of enforcement by the highest social authority in society, namely the government of that country. A legal rule or norm is a mandatory rule that aims to create social order and establish justice in social life. The government guarantees its enforcement. International legal norms carry out the same function at the international level. Legal norms that regulate relations between countries on the international stage are referred to as international legal norms. International legal norms are rules of conduct recognized as legal norms by the subjects of international law (states, intergovernmental organizations, etc.). International legal norms are mostly specific rules. However, the principles of international law, which will be discussed in this text, are not specific norms but rather general principles that form the basis of the international legal system, and all international relations and dealings are based on them. These principles are of vital to international relations between countries, and their violation leads to the worst consequences on the global stage. Continue….

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.