The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
ArticlesHealth

Air pollution main cause of respiratory problem

Air pollution is one of the serious and common problems that face people with serious illnesses, roughly respiratory and respiratory obstruction and breathing problems during outdoor activities. Air pollution not only threatens physical health but also contributes to depression, aggression, fatigue and other mental disorders. The actual risk of adverse effects depends on the current state of health, the type and concentration of pollution, and the duration of exposure to polluted air. Respiratory diseases and air pollution are directly related to each other. Effects of air pollution on the human body and health severe cardiovascular and respiratory diseases; extra stress on the lungs and heart, which therefore have to work harder to provide the body with enough oxygen; cellular damage to the respiratory system; accelerating the aging of the lungs; loss of lung capacity and decrease in their function; Progression of diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, emphysema (a type of lung disease) and even cancer; And Shortening of life span. For most people, air pollution is thought of as smoke from large factories or car exhaust, but there are many types of indoor air pollution as well. Heating the house by burning materials such as kerosene, wood and coal can pollute the air inside the house. Ashes and smoke from them make breathing difficult and stick to the wall, food and clothes and cause some diseases and allergies. Sometimes, mountains or tall buildings block the circulation of wind and cause air pollution. These types of pollution often appear as clouds and cause the air to darken. This phenomenon is called smog. Big cities in poor and developing countries have more air pollution than cities in developed countries. Due to the increase in the world’s population and the use of cars or polluting devices, today air pollution has become one of the biggest problems that humanity is dealing with in any part of the world. Most people are aware of the effects of air pollution on the human respiratory system. But one of the biggest effects that this issue leaves is on the human brain. The fact is that pollutants that enter the body through the digestive system or the respiratory system also affect the brain. The prevalence of neurological diseases is higher in industrialized countries that have a lot of air pollution. How to minimize the damage caused by air pollution? Use public transportation, walk, or bike to reduce the number of vehicles on the road. Save energy at home by using energy-efficient appliances and turning off lights and electronics when not in use. Families should use standard coal and fuels in winter to avoid air pollution. Refined and standardized coal can prevent air pollution and also reduce the risk of gas poisoning as a result of lowquality fuel inside the room and house. Choose clean energy sources such as solar, solar, or wind energy for your home. To reduce air pollution in vehicles and cars, use standard fuel materials. Avoid burning garbage in residential homes and use clean alternatives for heating and cooking. Public baths and restaurants should refrain from burning lowquality materials. Avoid burning low-quality fuel materials such as tires and other low-quality materials in heaters. Bushra Parnian

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.