The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

Afghanistan; the richest country in energy resources

Statistics show that about 75 percent of the flowing water of the country flows to other neighboring countries every year. According to the research conducted by climatologists, the value of these waters, as per the international rate of fresh water in the world, is estimated at 50 billion U.S. dollars although Afghanistan has not received any water rights so far. However, if these waters are managed in a proper and fair way, considering the principle of national sovereignty and legal necessity, and water dams are constructed from these water rights, it can produce adequate energy to meet the needs of the country. Additionally, the use of coal, uranium, oil and gas for the production of electric energy is a common phenomenon in today’s world. But in Afghanistan, a large part of these resources remain untouched, and the other part is often extracted in an unspecialized manner and offered to the black market, or exported to neighboring countries at a low price. According to a report published by the Ministry of Energy and Water of Afghanistan, the potential energy production capacity of the country is 24,000 megawatts of electricity, of which 23,000 MW are from water sources, about (514-524) MW from coal, about (350-500) MW from natural gas and recently about (125-300) MW from crude oil. Moreover, according to the data of the International Renewable Energy Center, Afghanistan has about 300 sunny days in a year, which means that one kilowatt of solar energy can be produced per ten square meters of land. Monsoon and seasonal winds in different parts of this country provide a doubled opportunity in the field of wind power generation. However, there are other reports that Afghanistan has a capacity of 200,000 megawatts of electricity from solar sources and more than 68,000 megawatts of electricity from wind sources. Unfortunately, despite all the huge and abundant sources of electricity in the region, Afghanistan has been relying on imported electricity for a long time and produces only about 20 percent of its electricity from domestic sources. The remaining 80 percent is imported from neighboring countries such as Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Iran. Afghanistan is one of the richest countries that has a variety of sources of energy. The country has the greatest capacity to build wa ter dams because of having abundant water, and there are hidden reserves in the heart of the country’s mountains that are considered a rich source of energy production. Afghanistan is one of the richest countries in the region considering access to water sources. Electricity is a very important element in the contemporary world compared to any other consumer goods because the foundation of everything from the production of industrial factories to information, commercial activities, security functions and other economic and administrative activities are all based on electrical energy. The structure of the economic cycle of each country is related to the electricity production of that country. When electricity is plentiful and cheap, investment in the construction of factories will flourish, leading to more factories starting to operate and increased production. On the one hand, the existence of more manufacturing factories increases the capacity of domestic production and promotes the economic growth of the country and on the other hand, these factories create job opportunities and use more human resources. With this, the unemployment graph in the country is usually decreased and the problem of pervasive poverty among the people is reduced. But even though Afghanistan has many sources of electrical energy, not only does it not use these sources but hundreds of thousands of cubic meters of water, which is equivalent to millions of dollars, flows to neighboring countries for free every year. While the country spends about 300 million U.S. dollars on the purchase of negligible electrical energy imported from the neighboring countries. If this amount of money that is spent to buy electricity in the country annually is invested in another sector, it will be a great source of income for the government. Also, if the electrical energy resources in Afghanistan are properly managed, not only will it avoid spending millions of dollars every year to buy electricity from the neighbors, but the money obtained from electricity production turbines will cover citizens’ expenses and especially domestic investments in the country as well as the excess energy can be exported to neighboring countries at a reasonable price. However, the lack of electricity not only slows down the work of industrialists and businessmen but also contributes to poverty and unemployment. And as for self-sufficiency in the production of electric energy, while in today’s world, it is considered vital for governance, it also has become the basis for economic growth and development, as a result, it is considered the cause of economic self-sufficiency and also guarantees political stability in the country. S. Raqib

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.