The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

Afghanistan put among 10 worst countries for children in conflict

The Save the Children International charity has put Afghanistan among 10 worst countries for children in conflict.
In a report released by the respective organization says at least 100,000 babies die every year because of armed conflict and related effects, with Afghanistan listed as among the 10 worst countries to be a child.
Meanwhile, Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) says children are deprived of their principal and fundamental rights in Afghanistan.
“Unfortunately no fundamental and principal attention has been paid to children condition in Afghanistan in the past 17 years,” a member of AIHRC Abdullah Abed said, adding nearly 6.5 million children have no access to their principal rights in Afghanistan according to ministry of labor and social affairs.
Ministry of labor and social affairs is responsible for launching various programs to children and providing facilities of vocational training to them to change somehow their life condition.
The US-based organization said in its report released on February 15, titled ‘Stop the War on Children’: “Increasingly, the brunt of armed violence and warfare is being borne by children.”
“Children suffer in conflict in different ways to adults, partly because they are physically weaker and also because they have so much at stake — their physical, mental, and psychosocial development are heavily dependent on the conditions they experience as children.”
It said that “many more children die in conflict as a result of malnutrition, disease, and lack of health care than from bullets or bombs.”
In the five years from 2013-17 in the 10 worst-hit areas, it said, an estimated 550,000 infants died as a result of fighting and the “reverberating impact of conflict.”
The figures “suggest that every year in just 10 conflict-affected countries, at least 100,000 infants die who in the absence of conflict would survive.”
It listed the 10 worst countries for children in conflict areas as Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Mali, Nigeria, Somalia, and South Sudan.
“In Afghanistan alone, the UN verified 3,179 child casualties,” it said, referring to data for infants and older children for 2017.
“Many of these incidents involved improvised explosive devices and unexploded ordnance, accounting for at least 33 percent of those casualties.”
The deaths include “children being used to plant bombs and/or to carry out the attacks themselves,” the report said.
It estimated that nearly 90 percent of children in Yemen, 70 percent of those in Syria, and 60 percent of Somalia’s children were living in close proximity to high-intensity conflict in 2017.
The report noted that the UN Security Council had identified six “grave violations” against children in situations of armed conflict: killing and maiming of children, recruitment and use of children as soldiers, sexual violence against children, abduction of children, attacks on schools and hospitals, and denial of humanitarian access.
Save the Children said that its investigations showed that the number of children directly affected by verified cases of grave violations in 2017 was more than 25,000, the highest ever recorded.
It also said that the nature of conflict has changed, putting children in the front line in new and terrible ways.
Shukria Kohistani

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.