The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

Afghanistan likely to face acute food insecurity

GCP /AFG/045/EC - Variety and Seed Industry Development Project - Phase II of GCP/AFG/018/EC. This project is designed to support a private sector seed and planting materials industry that produces and markets seeds and planting materials in Afghanistan to meet the needs of farmers for enhancing agricultural productivity and ensuring food security. The project will place systems to the government to regulate a private sector seed industry that meets international standards.

The United Nations food agencies have warned that 22 countries, including Afghanistan, likely to face acute food insecurity from June to November 2023. In its most recent report, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and World Food Programe (WFP) have issued the early warning that acute food insecurity is likely to deteriorate further in 18 hunger hotspots – comprising a total of 22 countries –from June to November 2023. According to the agencies’ report, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen remain at the highest concern level. Haiti, the Sahel (Burkina Faso and Mali) and Sudan have been elevated to the highest concern levels; this is due to severe movement restrictions of people and goods in Haiti, as well as in Burkina Faso and Mali, and the recent eruption of conflict in the Sudan. Pakistan, the Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Syrian Arab Republic are hotspots with very high concern, and the warning is also extended to Myanmar in this edition. All these hotspots have a high number of people facing critical acute food insecurity, coupled with worsening drivers that are expected to further intensify life threatening conditions in the coming months. Lebanon, El Salvador and Nicaragua have been added to the list of hunger hotspot countries, since the September 2022 edition. Malawi, Guatemala and Honduras remain hunger hotspot countries. Afghanistan is facing not only with acute food insecurity but also with increasing level of hunger. The country’s highest number of people are facing with severe levels of hunger. The level of hunger increased to 6.6 million in 2022 from 2.5 million in 2019. The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in its report released recently said that the deteriorating economy has caused a drastic decrease in family income, an increase in debt, and a high rate of unemployment; up to 80 percent of Afghan families have experienced a decrease in their income. The report also stated that “82 percent of all households have taken on debt, and the amount of debt is approximately 11 percent higher than the previous year.” According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Afghanistan is currently facing a severe humanitarian crisis; 28.3 million people, which is two-thirds of the population, will require humanitarian aid in 2023, as the majority of their income is spent on food, leaving only a small amount for other necessities such as education and healthcare. This subsidiary organization of the UN has reported that the situation in this nation has deteriorated due to increasing poverty, human rights violations, and limited access to essential services. It is worth mentioning that in the 2022 Global Hunger Index, Afghanistan ranks 109th out of the 121 countries with sufficient data to calculate 2022 GHI scores. With a score of 29.9, Afghanistan has a level of hunger that is serious. Saida Ahmadi

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.