The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
Articles

A glance at different ethnics of the country

Afghanistan is a country with many ethnic groups; some are still unknown officially. The population of this country consists of several ethnic and linguistic groups, including Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Imaq, Turkmen, Baluch, Pashaye, Nuristani, Gujar, Arab, Brahui, Qezelbash, Pamir Kyrgyz, Sadat, Sikh, etc. These different ethnic and races are scattered in every corner of Afghanistan and live peacefully and like a single family across our dear homeland Afghanistan. During civil conflicts, these different ethnicities supported political leaders apart from considering their own-related ethnicity or linguistic discrimination. They lived like a brother, in the wake of interventions from malicious groups and those wanted to divide this country into several parts. Pashtuns: This tribe mainly lives in the east and south and some of them live in the north and west of the country, their population makes up one of the biggest parts of the total population of Afghanistan, the language of this tribe is Pashto and it is a branch of Indo-European languages, long spoken in our country including religions be yond the Durand Line. This tribe mostly follows the Sunni Hanafi sect, but Shia Pashtuns also live among them. Tajiks: In terms of social and political status, this tribe is considered another ethnic group in Afghanistan, and the population of this tribe constitutes a big part of the Afghan society. They speak Persian (Dari) language and this people is one of the Aryayi tribes who have been living in different regions of the country for a long time, especially in the north and northeast of Afghanistan, and they speak the Tajik dialect which is one of the dialects of the Persian language. Uzbeks: This tribe related to Turkish origin, they live in the northern areas of Afghanistan and they live mainly in the cities of Mazar-e-Sharif, Shaberghan, Maimana, Khan Abad, Kunduz, etc. Their population also makes up another part of the total population of the country with other Turkic tribes. Uzbeks are the descendants of the yellow-skinned Turks of Central Asia which is the mother tongue of this people and is a combination of Turkish words. And from the point of view of religion, the majority of these people are Sunni. Hazaras: Hazaras, who make up another part of the total population of Afghanistan, are the original natives of this land according to some theories. In the past, most of them lived in the center of Afghanistan known as the Hazarajat region, but today they live in most of the regions of this country. Hazaras are also one of the oldest inhabitants of this land like Pashtuns and Tajiks. Some researchers consider the Hazaras to be a combination of Iranian and Mongolian races. Hazaras are mainly followers of the Shia sect, and a few of them who are Sunnis live in some parts of Badakhshan, Panjshir, Badghis, and Ghoor provinces. Other ethnic groups: Turkmen, Qizlbash, Kyrgyz, Baloch, etc. are among the other ethnic groups living in Afghanistan, while Qizlbash are mostly inhabited in the cities of Ghazni, Kabul, Herat, and Kandahar. Turkmen live along the banks of “Amu Darya” and the northwestern borders of Afghanistan. Kyrgyz live in the northeastern region of the country and in the “Vakhan” region. Baloch also lives in the southwest of the country, adjacent to Baluchistan, Iran and Pakistan. Pashaye is one of the ancient tribes of Afghanistan. They mostly live on the southern slopes of the Hindu Kush mountain range. Nomads: There are between 2 and 3 million nomads and semi-nomads in Afghanistan, where, they are called Kochi. These people are scattered in the north and south of the country. A large number of nomads are from the Pashtun tribe who are living peacefully along with other tribes of the country. They are mostly doing their daily affairs apart from any discrimination. In autumn, they pass through the southern highlands of Afghanistan and pass through the border of Pakistan in Sarhad province of Pakistan, and then in the spring they go to the fields and pastures of Afghanistan and sell their goods and buy needed goods. May Allah Almighty help our Islamic system work for the national unity and territorial integrity of our country and help the whole ethnics of this land to remain committed to developing their lives like family members and do their best for the welfare and prosperity of this war-affected country. Najibullah Najat

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.