The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
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5000 Afghan refugees returned home in past 2 days

Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation of the Islamic Emirate in a report has said that nearly 5000 Afghan refugees have returned from the Islamic Republic of Iran to the country in the past two days.
Based on the reports, most of the returnees have been registered with the offices of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in the country’s western provinces of Herat and Farah to receive cash assistance.
“The returnees register with the international organizations, particularly with UNHCR to receive cash assistance, while, after the development of the situation in the country tens of thousands of Afghans has emigrated to neighboring and other countries of the world,” said the report.
On the other hand, Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) has reported that after the resumption of power by the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA) over one million Afghans have emigrated to Iran and thousands of Afghans to reach European countries try every day to move there.
However, in August 2022, the Amnesty International announced that Iran and Türkiye against international principles prevented the emigration of Afghan refugees to their countries and the refugees have been forced to return to Afghanistan.
“Most of the refugees are poor and war-suffered people, as, they don’t have legal travel documents, so, face serious reactions of the host countries’ border forces and are deported,” the Amnesty International said.
According to Amnesty International, after the collapse of the previous government and increase in unemployment and the development of economic crisis in the country Afghans have been forced to leave their country and this has increased emigration to the neighboring and world countries.
“Before December 2022, Afghan refugees voluntarily return from Iran and Pakistan to the country have increased comparing to the previous years,” according to the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
The report added that in 2022, the number of Afghan refugees who voluntarily returned to the country has been five times that of 2021 and three times that of 2022, adding that the increase in living costs and lack of job opportunities in Pakistan and Iran have been caused in voluntarily return of Afghan refugees.
Rahim Gul one of the returnees who returned with his family from Iran to Herat Province said: “After the collapse of the previous government we went with legal travel documents to Iran, and the Islamic Republic of Iran twice updated our passports and for the third time, the passports were not updated and we had to return to the country and now we registered by the UNCHR and received the assistance.”
Few weeks ago, the ministry has reported that nearly one million Afghan refugees have returned to the country in the past 18 months.
This is to be noted that the ministry of refugees and repatriation and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) are making effort to jointly work to solve the problems of Afghan refugees living in Iran and Pakistan.
Saida Ahmadi

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.